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Polyphonic Era

Music Sound

Polyphonic Era

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During the Polyphonic Era (1200-1650), most music consisted of the simultaneous flow of several differant melodies, all independent and equally important. Usually made of four or five differant choral parts, the music was originally for unaccompanied voices and was used mostly in the mass and motet of church music and the madrigal in secular music.

Contents

Gothic Period (1200-1550)

First forms of polyphonic music are developed known as Ars Antiqua-Ancient Art

Ars Nova (14th Century)

New techniques of rhythm and melody brought more feeling to the music, paving the way for the first important polyphonic music schools. Ars Nova means New Art

Important Polyphonic Schools (15th-16th century)

Netherland (Flemish) School: Dufay (1400-1474), Josquin des Prés (c. 1445-1521), and Orlando di Lasso (1532-1594)

Venetian School: Willaert (c. 1488-1562), and Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1557-c.1612)

Roman School: Palestrina (c. 1525-1594), and Victoria (c. 1548-1611)

Secular Polyphonic Music (16th Century)

Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) William Byrd (1543-1623) Morley (1557-1603) Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625)

Baroque Period

Forms become more elaborate, attention payed to dramatic effect, choruses combined with arias, duets and quartets with choral music accompanied by instruments. New church forms developed such as the oratorio, the passion, and the cantata. -Carissimi (1605-1674) - J.S. Bach (1685-1750) -Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672) - Handel (1685-1759)

Credits

The Home Book of Musical Knowledge By David Ewen


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Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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