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Old school hip hop

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Old school hip hop

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Old school hip hop is the very first hip hop music to come out of the block parties of New York City in the 1970s and early 1980s. The old school era ended and the golden age began with the popularity of Run-DMC's 1986 album, Raising Hell. In modern usage, the term is often used to refer to hip hop from the early 1990s by numerous radio stations and television channels, including BET.

Contents

History

Afrika Bambaataa Afrika Bambaataa

The first recordings of old school hip hop were the Fatback Band's "King Tim III" and The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight". While "King Tim III" is widely regarded as the first recorded hip hop song, it was the Sugarhill Gang that won hip hop its first mainstream popularity.

Old school hip hop would often sample disco, soul, and funk tracks. In the case of the Sugarhill Gang, a live band was used for samples. However, the old school sound soon became based largely on drum machines and popular "break" samples.

In contrast with the later rhymes of new school hip hop, old school rap was relatively simple in its rhythms and cadences.

Old school rap was often focused on good times, parties and friendship. An exception was "The Message", a rap song written by Melle Mel for his hip hop group, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five. The popularity of "The Message" led the "message rap" to gain a place in the hip hop canon.

Samples

  • "Planet Rock" by Afrika Bambaataa & Soulsonic Force (1982); the old school electro hop track used portions from Kraftwerk, Captain Skyy and Ennio Morricone.
  • "The Message" by Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five (1982); This old school hip hop song gained popularity for "message raps."

Artists

Afrika Bambaataa
Busy Bee
Captain Rapp
Cold Crush Brothers
Cowboy
Cybotron
Darkstar
Davy DMX
Dee Dee King
Dimples D.
Disco Daddy & Captain Rapp
DJ Cheese
DJ Dr. Shock
DJ EZ Rock
DJ Flash
DJ Hollywood
DJ Kool
Kool DJ Herc
DJ Matrix
DJ Mike B Hartford, CT
DJ Red Alert
Dr. Dre
Doctor Ice
Doctor Jeckyll and Mr. Hyde
Doug E. Fresh
The Educated Rapper
Eric B. & Rakim
The Fat Boys
Freeez
Fresh Gordon
Full Force
Funky Four Plus One
The Furious Five
The Future MC's
Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five
Grandmaster Melle Mel
Hashim
Herbie Hancock
Howie Tee
Hurt 'Em Bad
Jimmy Spicer
Juice Crew
Just Ice
K Love
Kangol Kid
Kaos & Mystro
Kid Frost
Kid Solo
Kimberly Ball
King MC and DJ Flash
Knights of the Turntables
Kool Moe Dee
Kurtis Blow
L.A. Dream Team
Lightnin' Rod
Madrok
Man Parrish
Mantronix
Marley Marl
M.C. Fosty & Lovin' C.
M.C. Shan
THE MEAN MACHINE
The Moments
Newcleus
Next School
Nice & Smooth
Old School Players
P.A.N.I.C.
Paul Hardcastle
Positive Force
Pumpkin
The Rappers Rap Group
Real Roxanne
Rob Base
Rock Master Scott & the Dynamic Three
Rock Steady Crew
Rocky Padilla
Rodney O.
Ron Hudson
Run-DMC
Salt-N-Pepa
Scor
The Sequence
Shawn Brown
Skinny Boys
Slamm Syndicate
Soul Sonic Force
Sparky D
Spoonie Gee
Spyder-D
The Sugarhill Gang
Super Nature
Symbolic Three
T La Rock
Timex Social Club
Toddy Tee
Treacherous Three
Triple Threat Three
Trouble Funk
Two-Bigg M.C.
Ultramagnetic MCs
UTFO
West Street Mob
Whodini
Word of Mouth
Young MC

See also

Hip hop/Rap
Beatboxing - DJing (Turntablism) - Fashion -History (Roots - Old school - Golden age - Modern) - Production - Rapping
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Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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