Niche it!
BobbyGs Info

Music Sound


Back | Home | Up | Next

Stylistic origins: Techstep, Drum and Bass, Funk, Jazz, Techno, Trance
Cultural origins: late-1990s, London, Scotland, Europe, eastern United States
Typical instruments: Synthesizer - Drum machine - Sequencer - Keyboard - Sampler - Laptop - desktop
Mainstream popularity: Small

Neurofunk is a subgenre of Drum and bass pioneered by producers Ed Rush, Optical and Matrix circa 1997/1998 as a progression of Techstep. It was further developed by juxtaposing elements of heavier and darker forms of Funk, characterized by consecutive stabs over the bass line and rhythmically structured by rock solid back beats where overall Dark ambient atmospheric production is prominent. The prototype sound of the early evolution of Neurofunk in transition from Techstep and at it´s most creative period which defined the style, can be heard on the essential live mix by Ed Rush & Optical for Radio 1 (1998).

Since it´s rise in the late 90´s, Neurofunk has taken a faster paced, Minimal techno approach between 2002 and 2005 when it came under the influence of colder and more precise beat engineering with harder stabs over the bassline coming from the 2nd and 3rd waves of producers such as Sinthetix, Cause 4 Concern, Silent Witness & Break, Mayhem, Noisia, Phace, The Upbeats and Misanthrop. According to british writer Simon Reynold's view, Neurofunk "is the fun-free culmination of Jungle's strategy of cultural resistance: the eroticization of anxiety".


Lyrical Content

As a producer/MC, Rymetyme personalized Neurofunk as an integral member of Ed Rush & Optical's live sets and studio productions. His abstract lyrical flow and futurist manifestations can be heard on Neurofunk classics such as "Resurrection" (co-produced with Ed Rush & Optical), and "Fastlane" (by Ed Rush & Optical), as co-producer on "Lightsleeper" (with Matrix & Fierce), and "Fever" (with Younghead). Rymetyme´s original style was influential on Neurofunk´s 2nd wave of MC´s most notable on Mc Mecha´s (ex-Sinthetix) chopped-up spoken word roundabout drawing parallels to Rymetyme´s progressive poetic impact.


No one truly knows where the term "Neurofunk" originated but one first reference is a mention in the book Energy Flash by Simon Reynolds (ISBN 0-330-35056-0), a history of rave and dance music culture. The roots of Neurofunk can be traced back to the late 60s to mid 70s period of Miles Davis when he fused Jazz, Rock and Funk rhythms while switching his trumpet on to Marshall stacks and Wah-wah pedals giving it a loud, distorted and twisted sound effect to it. His drummers often used the technique of advancing and delaying the back beats simultaneously in interaction with a dynamic system of dark trumpet modes and a repetitive riff driven wall of sound of heavy rock funk guitars and bass lines, pioneering a new form of electric trance induced dance music.

Miles Davis' seminal albums from this period "In a Silent Way" (1969), stated by Matrix as an influence on his work, "On The Corner" (1972), and "Get Up With It" (1975) were the breeding ground for Drum and bass driven Neurofunk. Some of the tracks by Miles Davis which can best translate the foundations of early Neurofunk are "Black Satin" from "On The Corner" and "Rated X" from "Get Up With It".

Another influence on the early Neurofunk sound of Virus Recordings stated by Optical, was producer George Clinton's highly technical studio experimentations for Funkadelic during their early to mid 70's period when he shaped Funk into a heavier, darker style of psychedelic dance music by using long range instrumentals as tools for incorporating powerful reverberating low end driven bass lines on the forefront of his mixes rather than as standard back-up for guitar and drums.

Signature Recordings (1997-2000)

  • To Shape the Future - Optical (Metalheadz Records/1997)
  • Where´s Jack the Ripper - Grooverider (co-written & produced by Optical/Sony Music/1998)
  • Bluesy Baby - Ram Jam World - Ed rush & Optical Remix (Higher Education Records/1998)
  • Funktion - Ed rush & Optical (V Recordings/1998)
  • Compound - Ed Rush & Optical (Virus Recordings/1998)
  • Gas Mask - Ed Rush & Optical (Virus Recordings/1999)
  • Medicine - Ed Rush & Optical - Matrix Remix (Virus Recordings/1999)
  • Serum - Outfit - Matrix Remix (Metro Recordings/1999)
  • Climate - Matrix & Fierce (Metro Recordings/2000)
  • Phone Call - Klute - Matrix Remix (Certificate 18 Records/2000)
  • Fever - Rymetyme & Younghead (1210 Recordings/2000)

Signature Recordings (2001-2006)

  • Ressurection - Ed Rush, Optical & Rymetyme (Virus Recordings/2001)
  • Gateway - Sinthetix (No U Turn Records/2001)
  • Ultraviolet - Sinthetix (Cryptic Audio/2002)
  • Lightsleeper - Matrix, Fierce & Rymetyme (C4C Records/2002)
  • Vapourspace - Cause 4 Concern (Metro Recordings/2002)
  • Andromeda - Kiko (DSCI4 Records/2002)
  • Undercurrent - Stare & Phibbs (Blindside Recordings/2002)
  • Silicon - Noisia (Nerve Productions/2002)
  • Chamber (Mindscape VIP Mix) - Mayhem & Impulse (Shadow Law Limited/2004)
  • Rainman - Silent Witness & Break (Commercial Suicide Records/2005)
  • Hot Rock - Phace (Subtitles Recordings/2005)
  • Facade - Noisia (Ram Records/2006)
  • Ghobi Ghost - The Upbeats featuring Teknik (Project 51 Recordings/2006)

Signature Albums

  • Mysteries of Funk - Grooverider (co-written & produced by Optical/Sony/1998)
  • Wormhole - Ed Rush & Optical (Virus Recordings/1998)
  • The Creeps - Ed Rush & Optical (Virus Recordings/2001)
  • Sleepwalk - Matrix (Virus Recordings/1999)
  • Level 1 - Metro Recordings (Singles compilation/Metro Recordings/2000)
  • 1210 - Rymetyme (Singles compilation/1210 Recordings/2001)

Signature Mixes

  • Ed Rush & Optical: Essential mix for Radio 1 (Smart Disc/Bootleg/1998)
  • Sinthetix: Jungle Zone Radio mix (09/07/2002)

External links

Home | Up | Amen break | Clownstep | Darkcore | Darkstep | Drumfunk | Hardstep | Intelligent drum and bass | Jump-Up | Junglist | Liquid funk | Neurofunk | Oldschool jungle | Trancestep

Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

Sony Creative Software Inc.