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Music recording sales certification

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Music recording sales certification

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Music recording sales certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has sold a certain number of copies. Almost all countries follow variations of the RIAA certification categories, which are named after the precious materials gold, platinum and diamond (silver is also used in some countries). The number of sales required for these awards vary depending on the population of the territory in which the album is released. Normally they are awarded only to albums released at least nationally, and are awarded individually for each country in which the album is sold. Additionally, different sales levels may exist for different music media, such as albums, singles or videos.

Originally applied to LP records, certification is now most commonly awarded for compact disc sales.

Certification is usually awarded cumulatively, so for example: an album sells 1,000,000 copies in a country where 1,000,000 sales means platinum status. If that album went on to sell 3,000,000 copies, it would be awarded "triple platinum" certification.

Contents

History

The original "gold record" awards were presented to artists by their own record companies to publicize the achievement of 1,000,000 sales. The first of these was awarded by RCA to Glenn Miller in February 1942, celebrating 1,200,000 sales of "Chattanooga Choo Choo". Another example of a company award is the gold record awarded to Elvis Presley in 1956 for 1,000,000 sales of the single "Hound Dog". This has led to controversy over how to determine the placings for the biggest selling artists of all time, and claims that some gold albums should be disregarded or even retrospectively withdrawn although they were legitimately awarded at the time.

RIAA certification

Several different thresholds have been in use at different times and places for both album and single awards. Some of these were based on units sold and others on the value of retail sales. The first official designation of a "gold record" by the RIAA was established for singles in 1958, and the RIAA also trademarked the term "gold record" in the United States. On March 14, 1958 the RIAA certified Perry Como's hit single "Catch a Falling Star" as its first ever "gold record". Later that year, the Elvis Presley hit "Hard Headed Woman" became the first rock and roll single to earn the RIAA designation.

Like many record industry awards and rankings, the measurement is usually based on wholesale shipments to all types of retail outlets, not actual retail sales or financial transactions. This means that an early award or ranking for a new release reflects a distributor's expectations for the album and their market power.

List of international sales certification thresholds

Most countries have only one threshold series, but some have different categories with different quantities to achieve a mark. Popular categorizations include:

  • By release type (album/single/music videos); generally singles sell better and thus have higher scores to achieve than albums; music videos sell much less and thus have a lower score.
  • By artist's country (native/foreign or international); native artists who have songs in their native language usually sell better than foreign.
Country Certifier Classification Thresholds Info as of Source reference
Silver Gold Platinum Diamond
Argentina CAPIF All - 20,000 40,000 - 2005
Austria IFPI All - 15,000 30,000 - 2005
Australia ARIA Music videos - 7,500 15,000 - 2006 [1]
Everything else - 35,000 70,000 -
Brazil ABPD All - 50,000 125,000 500,000 -
Canada CRIA Music videos - 5,000 10,000 100,000 2006 [2]
Everything else - 50,000 100,000 1,000,000
Denmark IFPI Albums - 20,000 40,000 - 2005
Singles/Musicvideo DVD - 4,000 8,000 -
Entertainment DVD - 20,000 40,000
France [1] SNEP Albums 50,000 100,000 300,000 1,000,000 2006
Singles 100,000 200,000 300,000 500,000
Germany IFPI Albums - 100,000 200,000 - 2005
Singles - 150,000 300,000 -
Greece IFPI Albums - 20,000 40,000 - 2006
Singles - 10,000 20,000 -
DVD - 5,000 10,000 -
Hungary Mahasz Native artists - 15,000 30,000 - 2005
Foreign artists - 10,000 20,000 -
Jazz/world music/classic/single releases - 5,000 10,000 -
India [2] IMI International - 10,000 20,000 - 2006 [3]
Classical/non-classical - 10,000 40,000 -
Regional Basic - 60,000 120,000 -
National Basic - 100,000 200,000 -
Indonesia ?? Albums - 75,000 150,000 1,500,000 2005
Ireland IRMA Albums - 7,500 10,000 - -
Singles - 7,500 10,000 15,000
Italy FIMI Albums - 50,000 100,000 - 2004
Singles - 10,000 20,000 -
Japan RIAJ All - 100,000 250,000 - 2004
Malaysia RIM All - 15,000 25,000 150,000 2003
Mexico AMPROFON Albums - 50,000 100,000 500,000 2006 [4]
Music DVDs - 10,000 20,000 100,000
The Netherlands NVPI Albums (popular) - 35,000 70,000 - 2006 [5]
Albums (classical/jazz) - 15,000 25,000 -
Singles - 40,000 60,000 -
New Zealand RIANZ Albums - 7,500 15,000 - 2006 [6]
Singles - 5,000 10,000 -
Music videos - 2,500 5,000 -
Norway IFPI Albums - 20,000 40,000 - 2002
Singles/Musicvideo DVD - 5,000 10,000 -
Philippines PRIMA All 25,000 50,000 100,000 1,000,000 2004
Poland ZPAV Singles - 10,000 20,000 100,000 2006 [7]
Album (domestic pop artists) - 35,000 70,000 350,000
Album (foreign pop artists) - 20,000 40,000 200,000
Album (jazz/classical) - 5,000 10,000 50,000
Album (soundtrack) - 10,000 20,000 100,000
Music video - 5,000 10,000 50,000
Music video (classical/jazz) - 2,500 5,000 25,000
DVD - 5,000 10,000 -
Singapore RIAS All - 10,000 15,000 - 2006
Spain PROMUSICAE All - 40,000 80,000 - 2005
Switzerland IFPI All - 20,000 40,000 - 2001
Ukraine UMA Native artists 50,000 100,000 500,000 - 2003 [8]
Foreign artists 25,000 50,000 200,000 -
United Kingdom BPI Albums 60,000 100,000 300,000 - 2006 [9]
Singles 200,000 400,000 600,000 -
USA RIAA All - 500,000 1,000,000 10,000,000 2006 [10]

Notes

  1. ^ In France, triple platinum is awarded for 750,000 sold copies, instead of 900,000 copies (three times the platinum sales rank).
  2. ^ In India, sales must be achieved within one calendar year of the disc's release in the country to be eligible for gold or platinum certification.

See also

External links


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Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.