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Música Popular Brasileira

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Música Popular Brasileira

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MPB (Música Popular Brasileira, literally "Brazilian Popular Music") is a musical genre of Brazilian popular music that combines traditional Brazilian urban music styles (like samba, samba-canção and choro) with more contemporary pop and rock influences. Signifying more than the sum of the three words would indicate, MPB is a contemporary trend that has brought the world many renowned Brazilian artists.

MPB as a style debuted in the 1960s, with the abbreviation being applied to the type of music that emerged following the advent of the bossa nova. MPB artists and audiences were largely connected to the intellectual and student population, causing MPB to be known as "university music". MPB was born out of an attempt to produce a Brazilian "national" music, thus revitalizing traditional styles. MPB made a considerable impact at that time, boosted by several televised music festivals.

The earliest MPB borrowed elements of the bossa nova and often relied on thinly-veiled criticism of social injustice and dictatorial repression, being based on progressive opposition to the military dictatorship, large landowners, and imperialism. Early MPB is closely associated with the short-lived artistic movement known as tropicalia.

The climate that created the MPB movement ceased to exist after 1969, but the abbreviation has survived, albeit with a less specific meaning. Transforming from a left-wing musical movement, MPB became the core of Brazil's national music, and the term still indicates a certain aesthetic quality in modern Brazilian music.

Notable performers

Adriana Calcanhotto
Caetano Veloso
Carlinhos Brown
Cássia Eller -- a rock singer, with a fondness for MPB composers.
Cazuza --
Chico Buarque
Dorival Caymmi
Elis Regina
Gal Costa
Gilberto Gil
Ivan Lins
João Bosco
Jorge Benjor, formerly Jorge Ben
Maria Bethânia
Marisa Monte
Milton Nascimento
Nana Caymmi
Ney Matogrosso
Os Mutantes -- a progressive rock group which had a key role in the birth of MPB

External links

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Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.