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List of musical instruments

Music Sound

List of musical instruments

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The following is a list of musical instruments, categorized by section. Please add to List of musical instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number also.

Contents

Wind instruments

[edit]

Flutes

  • Atenteben (Ghana)
    Bansuri (India)
    Danso (Korea)
    Dizi (China)
    Flageolet
  • Flute
    • Piccolo
    • Alto flute
      Bass flute
      Contra-alto flute
      Contrabass flute
      Subcontrabass flute
      Double contrabass flute
  • Hocchiku (Japan)
    Hun (Korea)
    Khloy (Cambodia)
    Khlui (Thailand)
    Koudi (China)
    Nose flute
    Ocarina
    Paixiao (China)
  • Pan pipes
  • Recorder
    Ryuteki (Japan)
    Shakuhachi (Japan)
    Shinobue (Japan)
    Slide whistle
    Tin whistle
    Tonette
    Vertical flute
    Washint (Ethiopia)
    Willow flute
    Xiao (China)
    Xun (China)

Single reed instruments

  • Alboka
    Arghul
  • Clarinets
    • Piccolo clarinet (A-flat clarinet)
      Sopranino clarinet (E-flat clarinet, D clarinet)
      Soprano clarinet (C clarinet, B-flat clarinet, A clarinet, G clarinet)
      Basset-horn
      Alto clarinet
      Bass clarinet
      Contra-alto clarinet
      Contrabass clarinet
      Octocontra-alto clarinet
      Octocontrabass clarinet
  • Launeddas (Sardinia)
    Mijwiz
    Octavin
  • Saxophone
    • Soprillo
      Sopranino saxophone
      Soprano saxophone
      Conn-o-sax
      Mezzo-soprano saxophone
      Alto saxophone
      Tenor saxophone
      C melody saxophone
      Baritone saxophone
      Bass saxophone
      Contrabass saxophone
      Subcontrabass saxophone
      Tubax
      Aulochrome
  • Tarogato (modern single-reed)
    Folgerphone

Double reed instruments

  • Bassoon
    • Contrabassoon
      Tenoroon
  • Bombarde (France)
    Cromorne
    Crumhorn
    Dulzaina (Spain)
    Dulcian
    Guan (instrument) (China)
    Heckelphone
    • Piccolo heckelphone
      Terz heckelphone
  • Nadaswaram (India)
  • Oboe
    • Piccolo oboe
      Oboe d'amore
      Cor anglais/English horn
      Oboe da caccia
      Bass/Baritone oboe
      Contrabass oboe
  • Rackett
    Contrabass á anche
  • Sarrusophone
    • Sopranino Sarrusophone
      Soprano Sarrusophone
      Alto Sarrusophone
      Tenor Sarrusophone
      Baritone Sarrusophone
      Bass Sarrusophone
      Contrabass Sarrusophone
  • Shawm
    Sralai (Cambodia)
    Suona (China)
    Surnay
    Tarogato (original two-reed variety)
    Trompeta china (Cuba)
    Tromboon

Bagpipes (single and double reed)

Brass instruments

(not necessarily made from brass)

  • Alphorn
    Baritone horn
    Bazooka
    Bugle (instrument)
    Cimbasso
    Conch
  • Cornet
  • Cornett/Cornetto
  • Didgeridoo
    Euphonium
    Flugelhorn
    Horagai
  • Horn
  • Jug
    Mellophone
    Ophicleide
    Roman tuba
    Sackbutt
    Saxhorn
    Serpent
    Shofar
    Sousaphone
    Tenor Horn/Alto Horn
  • Trombone
  • Trumpet
  • Tuba
  • Wagner tuba

Free reed instruments

Voice

Free aerophones

  • Bullroarer
    Lasso d'amore
    Whip
  • Siren

String instruments

  • Aeolian harp
    Appalachian dulcimer (United States)
    Archlute
    Balalaika (Russia)
    Bandura
  • Banjo
  • Baryton
    Berimbau (Brazil)
    Biwa (Japan)
    Bordonua
  • Bouzouki (Greece)
  • Cello (Violoncello)
  • Cittern
    Clavichord
    Crwth
    Cuatro
    Dahu (China)
    Đàn bầu (Vietnam)
    Đàn gáo (Vietnam)
    Đàn nguyệt (Vietnam)
    Đàn tranh (Vietnam)
    Đàn tỳ bà (Vietnam)
    Dihu (China)
    Double Bass
    Dutar (Central Asia)
    Duxianqin (China)
    Ektara (India)
    Erhu (China)
    Erxian (China)
  • Fiddle
  • Gayageum (Korea)
    Gehu (China)
    Geomungo (Korea)
    Gottuvadhyam (India)
  • Guitars:
  • Guitarrón (Mexico)
    Guqin (China)
    Guzheng (China)
    Hammered dulcimer
    Hardanger fiddle (Norway)
  • Harp
  • Harpsichord
    Huluhu (China)
    Huqin (China)
    Hurdy gurdy
    Irish bouzouki
    Jew's harp
    Jiaohu (China)
    Kantele (Finland)
    Khim (Thailand/Cambodia)
    Kokyu (Japan)
    Komungo (Korea)
    Kora
    Koto
    Langeleik (Norway)
    Laruan (China)
    Leiqin (China)
    Lirone
  • Lute
  • Lyre
  • Maguhu (China)
    Mando-bass
    Mandocello
    Mandola
  • Mandolin
  • Mohan veena (India)
    Morin khuur (Mongolia)
    Musical bow
    Nyckelharpa (Sweden)
    Octave mandolin (Octave mandola)
  • Piano
  • Piccolo violin
    Piccolo 'cello/violoncello piccolo
    Pipa (China)
    Psaltery
    Rahab (Rabob)
    Rebec
    Ruan (China)
    Rudra vina (India)
    Sanxian (China)
    Saung (Burma)
    Saw sam sai (Thailand)
    Se (China)
    Shamisen (Japan)
    Setar (lute) (Persia)
  • Sitar
  • Sopranino mandolin
    Tar (lute)
    Tea chest bass
    Tenor viola
    Theorbo
    Tres
    Tro (Cambodia)
    Trumpet marine/tromba marina
    Tuhu (China)
  • Ukulele
  • Valiha (Madagascar)
    Vertical viola (and other members of the violin octet family)
    Vichitra vina (India}
    Vielle
    Vihuela (Spain)
    Vīṇā (India)
    Viol/Viola da gamba
  • Viola
  • Viola d'amore
  • Violin
  • Violotta
    Washtub bass
    Xalam/Khalam
    Zhonghu (China)
    Zhuihu (China)
  • Zither

Percussion instruments

Drums

  • Abïa drum
    African drum
    Bass drum
    Bodhrán (Ireland)
    Bongo drum
    Chenda (India)
  • Conga (Caribbean)
  • Cuíca (Brazil)
    Darbuka (Greek name)/Dumbek (Turkish name)
    Dhol(Persia)
    Dholak
    Djembe
    Janggu (Korea)
    Khol
    Lambeg (Ireland)
    Mridangam (India)
    Naqara
    Octaban
    Octapad
    Riq
    Sabar (Senegal)
    Sampho (Cambodia)
    Slit Drum
    Snare
    Steel drum
    Surdo (Brazil)
    Tabla
    Taiko (Japan)
    O Daiko (Japan)
    Tambourine
    Tan-tan
    Taphon (Thailand)
    Thavil (India)
  • Timpani (kettledrums)
  • Tom-Tom
    Whip

Other percussion instruments

  • Ahoko
  • Bell
  • Bianqing (China)
    Bianzhong (China)
    Carillon
  • Castanets
  • Caxixi (Brazil)
    Chimes
    Ching
    Cowbell
    Crotales
  • Cymbals:
    • Crash cymbal
      Hi-hat cymbal
      Ride cymbal
      Splash cymbal
      Zil (Finger cymbal)
  • Fangxiang (China)
  • Gamelan (Indonesia)
    • American gamelan
      Gangsa
      Gendér
      Ugal
  • Ganza
    Ghatam
    Glass marimba
  • Gong
  • Guiro
    Glockenspiel
    hands
    • clapping
  • Handbells
    Hang
    Hosho (instrument) (Zimbabwe)
    Ipu (Hawaii)
    Maracas
    Marimba
    Marimbaphone
    Mbira
    Metallophone
    Rainstick
    Ranat ek lek (Thailand)
    Ranat thum lek (Thailand)
    Shekere
    Spoons
    Steelpan
  • Triangle
  • Timpani
  • Udu
  • Vibraphone
  • Washboard
  • Xylophone
  • Xylorimba

Electronic instruments

Keyboard instruments

Other

  • Glass harmonica
    Hardart
    Musical Saw
    Singing bowl
    Suikinkutsu (Japanese water zither)

Home | Up | List of musical instruments | Musical instrument classification | Hornbostel-Sachs | Aerophone | Electric guitar | Bowed instruments | Chordophone | Crystallophones | Electronic musical instrument | Folk instrument | Idiophone | Keyboard instrument | Percussion instrument | String instruments | Turntablism | Transposing instrument

Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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