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List of Middle Eastern and North African folk music traditions

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List of Middle Eastern and North African folk music traditions

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This is a list of folk music traditions, with styles, dances, instruments and other related topics. The term folk music can not be easily defined in a precise manner; it is used with widely-varying definitions depending on the author, intended audience and context within a work. Similarly, the term traditions in this context does not connote any strictly-defined criteria. Music scholars, journalists, audiences, record industry individuals, politicians, nationalists and demagogues may often have occasion to address which fields of folk music are distinct traditions based along racial, geographic, linguistic, religious, tribal or ethnic lines, and all such peoples will likely use different criteria to decide what constitutes a "folk music tradition". This list uses the same general categories used by mainstream, primarily English-language, scholarly sources, as determined by relevant statements of fact and the internal structure of works.

These traditions may coincide entirely, partially or not at all with geographic, political, linguistic or cultural boundaries. Very few, if any, music scholars would claim that there are any folk music traditions that can be considered specific to a distinct group of people and with characteristics undiluted by contact with the music of other peoples; thus, the folk music traditions described herein overlap in varying degrees with each other.

Middle East and North Africa


 

Country Elements Dance Instrumentation Other topics
Algerian [1] medh - melhun - raï - zendani   gasha - guellal berrah - cheikha - meddhahates - mehna - wa'adat
Bahraini See Persian Gulf region - - -
Bedouin [2] zajal fantasia mijwis - mismar - yaghul  
Berber [3] amarg - ammussu - astara - ritual music - tabbayt aberdag - ahidu - ahouach - ahwash ajouag - bendir - ghaita - lotar - nakous - ney - rabab - t'bel - tinde - viol amydaz - imdyazn - laamt - rwai
Chleuh See Berber - - -
Egyptian [4] Saiyidi - sawahili - wedding music awalim mismar saiyidi - nahrasan  
Emirati See Persian Gulf region - - -
Georgian [5] Georgian polyphony - krimanchuli - naduri - orovela - table song   accordion - changui - chonguri - chuniri - clarinet - duduk - panduri  
Iranian [6]     daff - dohol - lute - ney - ney-anban - zurna  
Kabylian See Berber - - -
Khaleeji See Persian Gulf region - - -
Kuwaiti See Persian Gulf region - - -
Kurdish [7] epic   bloor - daff - dhol - doozela - duduk - kamanche - ney - oud - santur - shimshal - tabalak - tar - tenbur - zil - zurna chirokbej - dengbej - stranbej
Persian Gulf region [8] Khaleeji music - sawt   oud  
Lebanese [9]   dabkah    
Moroccan [10] takht ait atta - ait Bodar - ait Bugemaz (ait bouguemaz) - taskiwin aghanin - bendir - darbuka - duff - garagab - ghaita - gimbri - guedra - kamanjeh - kanum - nai - nakous - oud - rabab - taarija - tabl - tan-tan - tar moussem
Nubian [11]     duff  
Omani See Persian Gulf region - - -
Palestinian [12] dalauna - meyjana - wedding music - zajal dabka duff - mijwiz - ney - oud - rebab - shababi - tabla - yarghoul zajaleen
Pashtun [13] Afghan wedding music - kiliwali chub bazi - atan daireh - dhol - rubab - tanbur landai
Persian See Iranian - - -
Qatari See Persian Gulf region - - -
Saudi See Persian Gulf region - - -
Sephardic Jewish [14] cantica - copla - endechas - romance - Songs for Purim - wedding music   accordion - darabouka - kanun - oud - tambourine  
Sudanese Arab [15] haqiiba   oud - tambour  
Tuareg See Berber - - -
Turkish [16] bozlak - türkü çifte telli - halay - horon - karsilama - semah - sword dance - zeybek darbuka - davul - kemence - mey - saz - sipsi - tulum - zurna asik - chengi - düg¨nsalonu
Yemeni [17]     oud ghat

A Turkish cümbüş

References

  • Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham (eds.) (2000). Rough Guide to World Music, First edition, London: Rough Guides. ISBN 1858286360.
  • Karolyi, Otto (1998). Traditional African & Oriental Music. Penguin Books. ISBN 014023107.
  • Kinney, Troy and Margaret West (1935). The Dance: Its Place in Art and Life. Tudor Publishing.
  • Manuel, Peter (1988). Popular Musics of the Non-Western World. New York: Oxford University Press. 0195053427.
  • Philip V. Bohlman; Bruno Nettl, Charles Capwell, Thomas Turino and Isabel K. F. Wong (1997). Excursions in World Music, Second edition, Prentice Hall. ISBN 0132306328.
  • Fujie, Linda, James T. Koetting, David P. McAllester, David B. Reck, John M. Schechter, Mark Slobin and R. Anderson Sutton (1992). Jeff Todd Titan (Ed.) Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples, Second Edition, New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0028726022.
  • International Dance Glossary. World Music Central. URL accessed on April 3, 2006.

Notes

  1. ^ Morgan, Andy, "Music Under Fire" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 413 - 424
  2. ^ Lodge, David and Bill Badley, and Badley, Bill and Zein al Jundi, "Cairo Hit Factory" and "Europe Meets Asia in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346 and pgs. 391 - 395; Kinney, pgs. 207 - 208
  3. ^ Includes the music of Kabylia and the Tuareg; Morgan, Andy, François Bensignor, and Dave Muddyman, "Bards of Immigritude", "Sounds of the Sahel" and "A Basic Expression of Life" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 425 - 426, pgs. 585 - 587 and pgs. 567 - 578; World Music Central
  4. ^ Lodge, David and Bill Badley, "Cairo Hit Factory" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346; World Music Central
  5. ^ Broughton, Simon, "A Feast of Songs" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 347 - 350
  6. ^ Nooshin, Laudan, "The Art of Ornament" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 356 - 362
  7. ^ Nooshin, Laudan, and Eva Skalla and Jemima Amiri, "The Art of Ornament" and "Songs of the Stateless" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 356 - 362 and 378 - 384
  8. ^ Badley, Bill, "Sounds of the Arabian Peninsula" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 351 - 354
  9. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 159
  10. ^ Muddyman, Dave, "A Basic Expression of Life" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 567 - 578; ; World Music Central
  11. ^ Lodge, David and Bill Badley, "Cairo Hit Factory" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 338 - 346
  12. ^ Morgan, Andy and Mu'tasem Adilah, "The Sounds of Struggle" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 385 - 390
  13. ^ Manuel, Popular Musics, pg. 196; Doubleday, Veronica, "Red Light at the Crossroads" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 3 - 7
  14. ^ Cohen, Judith, "Ladino Romance" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 370 - 377
  15. ^ Verney, Peter with Helen Jerome and Moawia Yassin, "Yearning to Dance" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 672 - 680
  16. ^ Stokes, Martin, "Sounds of Anatolia" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pg. 396 - 410; Kinney, pgs. 216 - 217; World Music Central
  17. ^ Badley, Bill, "Sounds of the Arabian Peninsula" in the Rough Guide to World Music, pgs. 351 - 354

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