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Hard bop

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Hard bop

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Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing.

Its bass playing more varied, due in part to the prominence of such virtuosos as Charles Mingus and Ray Brown; it is in part intended to be more accessible to audiences unfamiliar with or not fond of bop. It also is, as David H. Rosenthal contends in his book Hard Bop, to a large degree the natural creation of a generation of black American musicians who grew up at a time when bop and rhythm and blues were the dominant forms of black American music and jazz musicians as prominent as Tadd Dameron worked in both genres.

Hard bop musicians include Cannonball Adderley, Art Blakey, Clifford Brown, Donald Byrd, Sonny Clark, John Coltrane, Lou Donaldson, Miles Davis, Kenny Drew, Benny Golson, Dexter Gordon, Joe Henderson, Andrew Hill, Freddie Hubbard, Jackie McLean, Charles Mingus, Blue Mitchell, Hank Mobley, Thelonious Monk, Lee Morgan, Sonny Rollins, and Horace Silver.

Hard bop was developed in the 1950s and 1960s and enjoyed its greatest popularity in that era, but hard bop performers, and elements of the music, remain popular in jazz.

Soul jazz developed from hard bop.

Samples

Other hard bop musicians

Eric Alexander
Carl Allen
Gary Bartz
Walter Bishop, Jr.
Tina Brooks
Paul Chambers
Thomas Clausen
Bob Cranshaw
Steve Davis
Walter Davis, Jr.
Kenny Dorham
Ray Draper
Kenny Drew
Curtis Fuller
Hotep Idris Galeta
Red Garland
Jimmy Garrison
Grant Green
Johnny Griffin
Herbie Hancock
Bill Hardman
Roy Haynes
Billy Higgins
Elmo Hope
Bobby Hutcherson
Clifford Jarvis
LaMont Johnson
Philly Joe Jones
Pete La Roca (Pete Sims)
Harold Land
Herbie Lewis
Hank Mobley
Lewis Nash
Art Phipps
Dizzy Reece
Larry Ridley
Larry Ritchie
Pete Sims
Art Taylor
Charles Tolliver
Stanley Turrentine
Tommy Turrentine
Mal Waldron
Cedar Walton
Wilbur Ware
Butch Warren
Doug Watkins
Tony Williams
Larry Willis

External link

Jazz | Jazz genres
Acid jazz - Asian American jazz - Avant-garde jazz - Bebop - Dixieland - Calypso jazz - Chamber jazz - Cool jazz - Creative jazz - Free jazz - Gypsy jazz - Hard bop
Jazz blues - Jazz fusion - Jazz rap - Latin jazz - Mini-jazz - Modal jazz - M-Base - Nu jazz - Smooth jazz - Soul jazz - Swing - Trad jazz - West coast jazz
Other topics
Jazz standard - Jazz royalty

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.