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Music Sound


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In music, the conclusion may take the form of a coda or outro. Often, there are "altogether unexpected digressions just as a work is drawing to its close, followed by a a consequently more emphatic confirmation of the structural relations implied in the body of the work." (Perle 1990)


  • The slow movement of Bach's Brandeberg Concerto No. 2, where a "diminished-7th chord progression interrupts the final cadence.
  • The slow movement of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, where "echoing afterthoughts" follow the initial statements of the first theme and only return expanded in the coda.
  • Varese's Density 21.5, where partitioning of the chromatic scale into (two) whole tone scales provides the missing tritone of b implied in the previously exclusive partitioning by (three) diminished seventh chords.


  • Perle, George (1990). The Listening Composer. California: University of California Press. ISBN 0520069919.

Home | Up | Bridge | Cadenza | Coda | Conclusion | Development | Introduction | Recapitulation | Refrain | Satz | Sentence | Verse

Music Sound, v. 2.0, by MultiMedia

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.

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