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Apparatus theory

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Apparatus theory

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Apparatus theory, derived in part from Marxist theory, semiotics, and psychoanalysis, was the dominant theory within cinema studies during the 1970s. It maintains that cinema is by nature ideological because its mechanics of representation are ideological. Its mechanics of representation include the camera and editing. The central position of the spectator within the perspective of the composition is also ideological.

Apparatus theory also argues that cinema maintains the dominant ideology of the culture within the viewer. Ideology is not imposed on cinema, but is part of its nature.

Apparatus theory follows an institutional model of spectatorship.

Apparatus theorists

Jacques Lacan
Louis Althusser
Jean-Louis Baudry
Jean-Louis Comolli
Christian Metz
Laura Mulvey
Peter Wollen

Further reading

  • Narrative, Apparatus, Ideology: A Film Theory Reader, Columbia University Press 1986

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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