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Black neon tetra, Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi
Black neon tetra, Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Family: Characidae
More than 150[1]
A Pristella tetra.
A Pristella tetra.

A tetra is any of a number of species of small South American freshwater fish belonging to the family Characidae and to its former subfamily Alestiidae ("African tetras"). The characidae are distingushed from other fishes by the presence of a small adipose fin between the dorsal and caudal fins. Many of these, such as the neon tetra, are brightly colored and easy to keep in captivity, and extremely popular for home aquaria.

Though the list below is sorted by common name, in a number of cases, the common name is applied to different species, depending on country and context. Since the aquarium trade may use a different name for the same specis, advanced aquarists tend to use scientific names for the less-common tetras.

Tetra species:

  • Adonis tetra Lepidarchus adonis
    African long-finned tetra Brycinus longipinnis
    African moon tetra Bathyaethiops caudomaculatus
    Arnold's tetra Arnoldichthys spilopterus
    B-A tetra Hyphessobrycon anisitsi
    Banded tetra Astyanax aeneus
    Bandtail tetra Moenkhausia dichroura
    Barred glass tetra Phenagoniates macrolepis
    Bass tetra Hemigrammus rodwayi
    Beacon tetra Hemigrammus ocellifer
    Belgian flag tetra Hyphessobrycon heterorhabdus
    Black darter tetra Poecilocharax weitzmani
    Black morpho tetra Poecilocharax weitzmani
    Black neon tetra Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi
    Black phantom tetra Hyphessobrycon megalopterus
    Black tetra Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
    Black tetra Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi
    Black tetra Gymnocorymbus thayeri
    Black wedge tetra Hemigrammus pulcher
    Blackband tetra Hyphessobrycon scholzei
    Blackedge tetra Tyttocharax madeirae
    Black-flag tetra Hyphessobrycon rosaceus
    Black-jacket tetra Moenkhausia takasei
    Blackline tetra Hyphessobrycon scholzei
    Bleeding heart tetra Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma
    Bleeding heart tetra Hyphessobrycon socolofi
    Bleeding-heart tetra Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma
    Blind tetra Stygichthys typhlops
    Bloodfin tetra Aphyocharax anisitsi
    Bloodfin tetra Aphyocharax alburnus
    Blue tetra Mimagoniates microlepis
    Blue tetra Tyttocharax madeirae
    Blue tetra Boehlkea fredcochui
    Brilliant rummynose tetra Hemigrammus bleheri
    Bucktooth tetra Exodon paradoxus
    Bucktoothed tetra Exodon paradoxus
    Buenos Aires tetra Hyphessobrycon anisitsi
    Butterfly tetra Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
    Callistus tetra Hyphessobrycon eques
    Calypso tetra Hyphessobrycon axelrodi
    Cardinal tetra Paracheirodon axelrodi
    Carlana tetra Carlana eigenmanni
    Central tetra Astyanax aeneus
    Cochu's blue tetra Boehlkea fredcochui
    Coffee-bean tetra Hyphessobrycon takasei
    Colcibolca tetra Astyanax nasutus
    Congo tetra Phenacogrammus interruptus
    Copper tetra Hasemania melanura
    Costello tetra Hemigrammus hyanuary
    Creek tetra Bryconamericus scleroparius
    Creek tetra Bryconamericus terrabensis
    Croaking tetra Mimagoniates inequalis
    Croaking tetra Mimagoniates lateralis
    Dawn tetra Hyphessobrycon eos
    Dawn tetra Aphyocharax paraguayensis
    Diamond tetra Moenkhausia pittieri
    Discus tetra Brachychalcinus orbicularis
    Disk tetra Brachychalcinus orbicularis
    Disk tetra Myleus schomburgkii
    Dragonfin tetra Pseudocorynopoma doriae
    Ember tetra Hyphessobrycon amandae
    Emperor tetra Nematobrycon palmeri
    Emperor tetra Nematobrycon palmeri
    False black tetra Gymnocorymbus thayeri
    False neon tetra Paracheirodon simulans
    False red nose tetra Petitella georgiae
    False rummynose tetra Petitella georgiae
    False rummy-nosed tetra Petitella georgiae
    Featherfin tetra Hemigrammus unilineatus
    Firehead tetra Hemigrammus bleheri
    Flag tetra Hyphessobrycon heterorhabdus
    Flame tail tetra Aphyocharax erythrurus
    Flame tetra Hyphessobrycon flammeus
    Flametail tetra Aphyocharax erythrurus
    Garnet tetra Hemigrammus pulcher
    Glass tetra Moenkhausia oligolepis
    Glossy tetra Moenkhausia oligolepis
    Glowlight tetra Hemigrammus erythrozonus
    Gold tetra Hemigrammus rodwayi
    Golden tetra Hemigrammus rodwayi
    Goldencrown tetra Aphyocharax alburnus
    Goldspotted tetra Hyphessobrycon griemi
    Gold-tailed tetra Carlastyanax aurocaudatus
    Green dwarf tetra Odontocharacidium aphanes
    Green neon tetra Paracheirodon simulans
    Green tetra Paracheirodon simulans
    Griem's tetra Hyphessobrycon griemi
    Head-and-taillight tetra Hemigrammus ocellifer
    January tetra Hemigrammus hyanuary
    Jellybean tetra Lepidarchus adonis
    Jewel tetra Hyphessobrycon eques
    Jumping tetra Hemibrycon tridens
    Largespot tetra Astyanax orthodus
    Lemon tetra Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis
    Longfin tetra Brycinus longipinnis
    Long-finned glass tetra Xenagoniates bondi
    Longjaw tetra Bramocharax bransfordii
    Loreto tetra Hyphessobrycon loretoensis
    Mayan tetra Hyphessobrycon compressus
    Mexican Cave Tetra Astyanax mexicanus
    Mexican tetra Astyanax mexicanus
    Mexican tetra Astyanax fasciatus
    Mimic scale-eating tetra Probolodus heterostomus
    Mourning tetra Brycon pesu
    Naked Tetra Gymnocharacinus bergii
    Neon tetra Paracheirodon innesi
    Neon tetra Paracheirodon simulans
    Niger tetra Arnoldichthys spilopterus
    Nurse tetra Brycinus nurse
    Oneline tetra Nannaethiops unitaeniatus
    One-line tetra Hemigrammus unilineatus
    Orangefin tetra Bryconops affinis
    Ornate tetra Hyphessobrycon bentosi
    Panama tetra Hyphessobrycon panamensis
    Peruvian tetra Hyphessobrycon peruvianus
    Petticoat tetra Gymnocorymbus ternetzi
    Phantom tetra Hyphessobrycon megalopterus
    Pittier's tetra Moenkhausia pittieri
    Pretty tetra Hemigrammus pulcher
    Pristella tetra Pristella maxillaris
    Pygmy tetra Odontostilbe dialeptura
    Rainbow tetra Nematobrycon palmeri
    Rainbow tetra Nematobrycon lacortei
    Red eye tetra Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae
    Red phantom tetra Hyphessobrycon sweglesi
    Red tetra Hyphessobrycon flammeus
    Redeye tetra Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae
    Redeye tetra Moenkhausia oligolepis
    Rednose tetra Hemigrammus rhodostomus
    Red-nose tetra Hemigrammus bleheri
    Rednosed tetra Hemigrammus rhodostomus
    Redspotted tetra Copeina guttata
    Rosy tetra Hyphessobrycon bentosi
    Rosy tetra Hyphessobrycon rosaceus
    Royal tetra Inpaichthys kerri
    Ruby tetra Axelrodia riesei
    Rummy-nose tetra Hemigrammus rhodostomus
    Rummy-nose tetra Hemigrammus bleheri
    Sailfin tetra Crenuchus spilurus
    Savage tetra Hyphessobrycon savagei
    Savanna tetra Hyphessobrycon stegemanni
    Semaphore tetra Pterobrycon myrnae
    Serpa tetra Hyphessobrycon eques
    Serpae tetra Hyphessobrycon eques
    Sharptooth tetra Micralestes acutidens
    Silver tetra Gymnocorymbus thayeri
    Silver tetra Ctenobrycon spilurus
    Silver tetra Micralestes acutidens
    Silvertip tetra Hasemania melanura
    Silvertip tetra Hasemania nana
    Silver-tipped tetra Hasemania nana
    Splash tetra Copella arnoldi
    Splashing tetra Copella arnoldi
    Spotfin tetra Hyphessobrycon socolofi
    Spottail tetra Moenkhausia dichroura
    Spotted tetra Copella nattereri
    Swegles's tetra Hyphessobrycon sweglesi
    Tailspot tetra Bryconops caudomaculatus
    Tetra von Rio Hyphessobrycon flammeus
    Threeline tetra Neolebias trilineatus
    Three-lined African tetra Neolebias trilineatus
    Tiete tetra Brycon insignis
    Tortuguero tetra Hyphessobrycon tortuguerae
    Transparent tetra Charax gibbosus
    True big-scale tetra Brycinus macrolepidotus
    Uruguay tetra Cheirodon interruptus
    White spot tetra Aphyocharax paraguayensis
    X-ray tetra Pristella maxillaris
    Yellow tetra Hyphessobrycon bifasciatus
    Yellowtail tetra Alestopetersius caudalis
    Yellow-tailed African tetra Alestopetersius caudalis


  1. ^ As of 2003 the ITIS lists 164 genera of Characidae.

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