Niche it!
BobbyGs Info

Microsoft Store

Perciformes

Fish Guide

Perciformes

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

Back | Home | Up | Next


Perciformes
Yellow perch (Perca flavescens)
 
Yellow perch (Perca flavescens)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Actinopterygii
 
Order: Perciformes
 
Families
many, see text

The Perciformes, also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri, include about 40% of all fish and are the largest order of vertebrates. The name Perciformes means perch-like. They belong to the ray-finned fish and comprise over 7000 different species, with varying shapes and sizes, found in almost all aquatic environments. They first appeared and diversified in the Late Cretaceous.

Perciform fish typically have dorsal and anal fins divided into anterior spiny and posterior soft-rayed portions, which may be partially or completely separated. There are usually pelvic fins with one spine and up to five soft rays, either positioned by the throat or under the belly. Scales are usually ctenoid in form, though sometimes they are cycloid or otherwise modified. Various other, more technical characters define the group.

Classification is controversial. As traditionally defined the Perciformes are almost certainly paraphyletic. Other orders that should possibly be included as suborders are the Scorpaeniformes, Tetraodontiformes, and Pleuronectiformes. Of the presently recognized suborders several may be paraphyletic as well.

Families

These are grouped by suborder/superfamily, generally following Fishes of the World.

  • Suborder Percoidei
    • Superfamily Percoidea
      • Acropomatidae (temperate ocean-basses)
        Ambassidae (Asiatic glassfishes)
        Apogonidae (cardinalfishes)
        Arripidae (Australasian salmon)
        Banjosidae
        Bathyclupeidae
        Bramidae (pomfrets)
        Callanthiidae
        Carangidae (jacks, pompanos)
        Caristiidae (manefishes)
        Centracanthidae
        Centrarchidae (freshwater sunfishes)
        Centropomidae (snooks)
        Chaetodontidae (butterflyfishes)
        Coryphaenidae (dolphinfishes)
        Dichistiidae (galjoen fishes)
        Dinolestidae (long-finned pike)
        Dinopercidae
        Drepaneidae
        Echeneidae (remoras)
        Emmelichthyidae (rovers)
        Enoplosidae (oldwife)
        Epigonidae (deepwater cardinalfishes)
        Gerreidae (mojarras)
        Glaucosomatidae (pearl perches)
        Grammatidae (basslets)
        Haemulidae (grunts)
        Inermiidae (bonnetmouths)
        Kuhliidae (flagtails or aholeholes)
        Kyphosidae (sea chubs)
        Lactariidae (false trevallies)
        Leiognathidae (ponyfishes)
        Leptobramidae (beachsalmon)
        Lethrinidae
        Lobotidae (tripletails)
        Lutjanidae (snappers, fusiliers)
        Malacanthidae (Tilefishes)
        Menidae (moonfish)
        Monodactylidae (moonyfishes)
        Moronidae (temperate basses)
        Mullidae (goatfishes)
        Nandidae (leaffishes)
        Nematistiidae (roosterfish)
        Nemipteridae (threadfin breams)
        Notograptidae
        Opistognathidae (jawfishes)
        Oplegnathidae (knifejaws)
        Ostracoberycidae
        Pempheridae (sweepers)
        Pentacerotidae (armorheads)
        Percichthyidae (Temperate perches)
        Percidae (perches and darters)
        Plesiopidae
        Polycentridae
        Polynemidae (threadfins)
        Polyprionidae (wreckfishes)
        Pomacanthidae (angelfishes)
        Pomatomidae (bluefishes)
        Priacanthidae (bigeyes, catalufas)
        Pseudochromidae (dottybacks)
        Rachycentridae (cobia)
        Sciaenidae (drums)
        Scombropidae (gnomefish)
        Serranidae (sea basses, groupers)
        Sillaginidae (whitings et al)
        Sparidae (porgies)
        Terapontidae (grunters or tigerperches)
        Toxotidae (archerfishes)
    • Superfamily Cirrhitoidea
      • Aplodactylidae (marblefishes)
        Cheilodactylidae (morwongs)
        Chironemidae (kelpfishes)
        Cirrhitidae (hawkfishes)
        Latridae (trumpeters)
    • Superfamily Cepoloidea
      • Cepolidae (bandfishes)
  • Suborder Elassomatoidei
    • Elassomatidae (pygmy sunfishes)
  • Suborder Labroidei
    • Cichlidae (cichlids)
      Embiotocidae (surfperches)
      Labridae (wrasses)
      Odacidae
      Pomacentridae (damselfishes)
      Scaridae (parrotfishes)
  • Suborder Zoarcoidei
    • Anarhichadidae
      Bathymasteridae (ronquils)
      Cryptacanthodidae
      Pholidae
      Ptilichthyidae
      Scytalinidae
      Stichaeidae (pricklebacks)
      Zaproridae (prowfish)
      Zoarcidae (eelpouts)
  • Suborder Notothenioidei
    • Bathydraconidae
      Bovichthyidae
      Channichthyidae (crocodile icefishes)
      Harpagiferidae (plunderfishes)
      Nototheniidae
  • Suborder Trachinoidei
    • Ammodytidae (sand lances)
      Champsodontidae
      Cheimarrhichthyidae
      Chiasmodontidae
      Creediidae (sandburrowers)
      Leptoscopidae
      Percophidae (duckbills)
      Pholidichthyidae (convict blenny)
      Pinguipedidae (sandperches)
      Trachinidae (weeverfishes)
      Trichodontidae (sandfishes)
      Trichonotidae (sanddivers)
      Uranoscopidae (stargazers)
  • Suborder Blennioidei
    • Blenniidae
      Chaenopsidae
      Clinidae
      Dactyloscopidae
      Labrisomidae
      Tripterygiidae
  • Suborder Icosteoidei
    • Icosteidae (ragfishes)
  • Suborder Gobiesocoidei
    • Gobiesocidae (clingfishes)
  • Suborder Callionymoidei
    • Callionymidae (dragonets)
    • Draconettidae
  • Suborder Gobioidei
    • Eleotridae (sleepers)
      Gobiidae (gobies)
      Kraemeriidae (sandfishes or sand gobies)
      Microdesmidae (wormfishes)
      Odontobutidae
      Ptereleotridae (dartfishes)
      Rhyacichthyidae (loach gobies)
      Schindleriidae
      Xenisthmidae
  • Suborder Kurtoidei
    • Kurtidae (nurseryfishes)
  • Suborder Acanthuroidei
    • Acanthuridae (surgeonfishes)
      Ephippidae (spadefishes)
      Luvaridae (louvar)
      Scatophagidae (scats)
      Siganidae (rabbitfishes)
      Zanclidae (moorish idol)
  • Suborder Scombrolabracoidei
    • Scombrolabracidae
  • Suborder Scombroidei
    • Sphyraenidae (barracudas)
      Gempylidae (snake mackerels)
      Trichiuridae (cutlassfishes)
      Scombridae (mackerels and tunas)
      Xiphiidae (billfishes)
  • Suborder Stromateoidei
    • Amarsipidae
      Ariommatidae
      Centrolophidae (medusafishes)
      Nomeidae (driftfishes)
      Tetragonuridae (squaretails)
      Stromateidae (butterfishes)
  • Suborder Anabantoidei
    • Anabantidae (climbing gouramies)
      Belontiidae (gouramies)
      Helostomatidae (kissing gourami)
      Luciocephalidae (pikehead)
      Osphronemidae (giant gouramies)
  • Suborder Channoidei
    • Channidae (snakeheads)

References

  • "Perciformes". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. October 2004 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2004.
  • Perciformes (TSN 167640). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed on 5 December 2004.
  • J. S. Nelson, Fishes of the World (3rd ed.)

Home | Up | Acipenseriformes | Albuliformes | Amiiformes | Anguilliformes | Ateleopodiformes | Atheriniformes | Aulopiformes | Batrachoidiformes | Beloniformes | Beryciformes | Cetomimiformes | Characiformes | Clupeiformes | Cypriniformes | Cyprinodontiformes | Elopiformes | Esociformes | Gadiformes | Gasterosteiformes | Gobiesociformes | Gonorynchiformes | Gymnotiformes | Hiodontiformes | Lampriformes | Lepisosteiformes | Lophiiformes | Mugiliformes | Myctophiformes | Notacanthiformes | Ophidiiformes | Osmeriformes | Osteoglossiformes | Perciformes | Percopsiformes | Pleuronectiformes | Polymixiiformes | Polypteriformes | Saccopharyngiformes | Salmoniformes | Scorpaeniformes | Siluriformes | Stephanoberyciformes | Stomiiformes | Synbrachiformes | Synbranchiformes | Syngnathiformes | Tetraodontiformes | Zeiformes

Fish Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.