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Mugiliformes

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Mugiliformes

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Mullets
Mugil cephalus
 
Mugil cephalus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Actinopterygii
 
Order: Mugiliformes
 
Family: Mugilidae
 
Genera
Agonostomus
Aldrichetta
Cestraeus
Cahaenomugil
Chelon
Crenimugil
Joturus
Liza
Moolgarda
Mugil
Myxus
Neomyxus
Oedalechilus
Rhinomugil
Sicamugil
Valaomugil
Xenomugil

The mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and in some species in fresh water also. Mullets have served as an important source of food in Mediterranean Europe since Roman times. The family includes about 80 species in 17 genera.

Taxonomically, the family is usually treated as the sole member of the order Mugiliformes, but as Nelson says, "there has been much disagreement concerning the relationships" of this family. The presence of fin spines clearly indicates membership in the superorder Acanthopterygii, and in the 1960s Gosline classed them as primitive perciforms, while others have grouped them in Atheriniformes. FishBase follows Gosline in placing the family in the Perciformes.

A number of species of the goatfishes (Mullidae), in particular the red mullet and others in the genus Mullus, are also commonly known as "mullets".

List of Species

  • Genus Agonostomus
    • Agonostomus catalai
      Mountain mullet Agonostomus monticola
      Fairy mullet Agonostomus telfairii
  • Genus Aldrichetta
    • Yellow-eye mullet Aldrichetta forsteri
  • Genus Cestraeus
    • Goldie river mullet Cestraeus goldiei
      Sharp-nosed river mullet Cestraeus oxyrhynchus
      Lobed river mullet Cestraeus plicatilis
  • Genus Cahaenomugil
    • Snouted mullet Chaenomugil proboscideus
  • Genus Chelon
    • Cape Verde mullet Chelon bispinosus
      So-iny mullet Chelon haematocheilus
      Thicklip grey mullet Chelon labrosus
      Largescale mullet Chelon macrolepis
  • Genus Crenimugil
    • Fringelip mullet Crenimugil crenilabis
      Half fringelip mullet Crenimugil heterocheilos
  • Genus Joturus
    • Bobo mullet Joturus pichardi
  • Genus Liza
    • Abu mullet Liza abu
      Eastern keelback mullet Liza affinis
      Diamond mullet Liza alata
      Flat-tail mullet Liza argentea
      Golden grey mullet Liza aurata
      Keeled mullet Liza carinata
      Grooved mullet Liza dumerili
      Sicklefin mullet Liza falcipinnis
      Largescaled mullet Liza grandisquamis
      Klunzinger's mullet Liza klunzingeri
      Liza mandapamensis
      Otomebora mullet Liza melinoptera
      Broad-mouthed mullet Liza parmata
      Gold-spot mullet Liza parsia
      Persian mullet Liza persicus
      Thinlip mullet Liza ramado
      Ramsay's mullet Liza ramsayi
      South African mullet Liza richardsonii
      Leaping mullet Liza saliens
      Greenback mullet Liza subviridis
      Tade mullet Liza tade
      Striped mullet Liza tricuspidens
      Squaretail mullet Liza vaigiensis
  • Genus Moolgarda
    • Longfin mullet Moolgarda pedaraki
  • Genus Mugil
    • Banana mullet Mugil bananensis
      Broussonnet's mullet Mugil broussonnetii
      Narrowhead grey mullet Mugil capurrii
      Flathead mullet Mugil cephalus
      White mullet Mugil curema
      Dwarf mullet Mugil curvidens
      Galapagos mullet Mugil galapagensis
      Fantail mullet Mugil gyrans
      Hospe mullet Mugil hospes
      Parassi mullet Mugil incilis
      Liza Mugil liza
      Mugil platanus
      Mullet Mugil rammelsbergii
      Liseta mullet Mugil setosus
      So-iuy mullet Mugil soiuy
      Mugil trichodon
  • Genus Myxus
    • Freshwater mullet Myxus capensis
      Sand grey mullet Myxus elongatus
      Myxus multidens
      Myxus petardi
  • Genus Neomyxus
    • Neomyxus chaptalii
      Acute-jawed mullet Neomyxus leuciscus
  • Genus Oedalechilus
    • Boxlip mullet Oedalechilus labeo
      Hornlip mullet Oedalechilus labiosus
  • Genus Rhinomugil
    • Corsula Rhinomugil corsula
      Shark mullet Rhinomugil nasutus
  • Genus Sicamugil
    • Yellowtail mullet Sicamugil cascasia
      Burmese mullet Sicamugil hamiltonii
  • Genus Valaomugil
    • Bluetail mullet Valamugil buchanani
      Longarm mullet Valamugil cunnesius
      Kanda Valamugil engeli
      Valamugil formosae
      Silver mullet Valamugil georgii
      Valamugil perusii
      Robust mullet Valamugil robustus
      Bluespot mullet Valamugil seheli
      Speigler's mullet Valamugil speigleri
  • Genus Xenomugil
    • Thoburn's mullet Xenomugil thoburni

External links

The Striped or Black Mullet is a delicacy along the Northwest Florida and Alabama gulf coast. Many restaurants in those areas serve mullet as the mainstay of their menus. Fried mullet are the most popular. Smoked, baked, and canned mullet are also eaten. Mullet is usually fileted. The left over frames are often used to make excellent fish stock. The stock makes superb chowders, stews, and bouillabaisse.

Mullet does not keep well after it is caught. If kept on ice it may remain edible for approximately 24 hours. If kept much longer it begins to loose its freshness and becomes nearly inedible. The sooner it can be eaten after being caught, the better.

When shopping for mullet for consumption, choose only those fish with clear eyes. Cloudy eyes are indicators of loss of freshness.

Reference

  • J.S. Nelson, Fishes of the World

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This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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