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List of marine aquarium fish species

Fish Guide

List of marine aquarium fish species

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

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The following is a list of marine aquarium fish species commonly available in the aquarium trade. It is not a completely comprehensive list; certain rare specimens may sometimes be available commercially yet not be listed here. A brief section on each, with additional links is provided.

Contents

Angelfish

(dwarf angels in a reef setting has been heavily debated)
Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Bellus Angel   Moderate  
Blue Angelfish   Difficult  
Coral Beauty Angel   Easy to Moderate  
Cortez Angelfish   Moderate  
Eibli Angel   Easy to Moderate  
Emperor Angelfish   Moderate  
Flame Angel   Easy to Moderate  
Flameback Angel   Moderate  
French Angel   Difficult  
Half-Black Angel   Difficult  
Herald's Angel   Moderate  
Koran Angel   Moderate  
Lemonpeel Angel   Difficult  
Majestic (Blue-Girdled) Angel   Difficult  
Midnight Angel   Difficult  
Potter's Angel   Easy to Moderate  
Pygmy Angelfish   Moderate  
Queen Angel   Moderate  
Rusty Angel   Difficult  
Swallowtail Angel   Moderate  

Anthias

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Bartlett's Anthias   Difficult  
Squareback Anthias   Difficult  

Bass

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Chalk Bass   Easy to Moderate  
Harlequin Bass   Easy to Moderate  
Tobacco Bass   Easy to Moderate

Basslets

This category also includes the spiny basslets.

Black cap basslet   Moderate  
Blue assessor or Blue devilfish   Easy to Moderate (a spiny basslet)
Royal gramma   Easy to Moderate  
Yellow flavissimus assessor or Yellow devilfish   Easy to Moderate (a spiny basslet)

Batfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Orbiculate batfish No Difficult  
Teira batfish No Difficult  

Blennies

(excluding fang blennies, a few species will nip at polyps and giant clam mantles)
Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Barnacle / Spineyhead Blenny   Moderate  
Bicolor Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Black Lined Fang Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Bundoon Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Canary Fang Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Lawnmower Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Midas Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Red Lip Blenny   Easy to Moderate  
Red Sea Mimic Blenny   Moderate  
Sailfin Blenny   Moderate  
Tail Spot Blenny   Moderate  
Two-Spot Blenny   Moderate  

Boxfish

Boxfish generally are very personable fish yet are poorly suited for the home aquaria. They are not thought of as an ordinary aquarium tank mate, but are quickly gaining popularity. They do pose a hazard in the community tank however. They are capable of releasing a very powerful toxin which can kill other fish and in some cases, the boxfish itself. They generally only use it when threatened or dying, but can become disturbed easily with aggressive tank mates or overcrowded aquarium. Generally boxfish are not reef safe.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Helmet cowfish No Expert  
Longhorn cowfish No Expert  
Cubicus boxfish No Expert  

Butterflyfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Copperband Butterfly   Difficult  
Heniochus Butterfly   Moderate  
Longnose Butterfly   Moderate  
Raccoon Butterfly   Moderate  

Cardinalfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Bangaii / Kaudern's Cardinal   Moderate  
Flame Cardinal   Difficult  
Orange-Striped Cardinal   Difficult  
Pajama / Spotted Cardinal   Moderate  

Chromis

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Blackmouth bicolor chromis Yes Difficult Aggressive
Black and white Chromis Yes Moderate Peaceful; likes acropora coral
Black bar Chromis Yes   Usually peaceful unless housed alone
Blue reef chromis Yes Difficult Peaceful and schooling
Green reef Chromis Yes Easy Peaceful and schooling
Limbaughi chromis Yes Easy Peaceful
Orange line chromis Yes Easy Peaceful
Sunshine chromis Yes Easy  

Clownfish

Clownfish are a marine aquarium species noted for their ability to host in anemones. They have been recently popularized by the movie, Finding Nemo.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Cinnamon or Coral Sea clown Yes Easy to moderate ?
Clark's anemonefish Yes Easy to moderate ?
False percula clown Yes Easy Commonly available. Also sold in a black color variation.
Maroon clown Questionable Easy to moderate Can grow quite large and become aggressive towards smaller tankmates
Percula clown Yes Easy to moderate Almost indistinguishable from A. ocellaris. Most Percula clowns sold are actually A. ocellaris.
Pink skunk clown Yes Moderate ?
Tomato clown Yes Easy commonly available

Damsels

(sometimes excluding larger, more aggressive Dascyllus varieties)
Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Azure Damsel   Easy  
Blue Damsel   Easy Also has an orange tail variant
Blue and gold damsel      
Blue velvet damsel      
BlueFin Damsel   Easy  
Domino Damsel   Easy  
Fiji Blue Devil Damsel   Easy  
Four stripe Damsel      
Garibaldi Damsel   Easy to Moderate  
Honey head damsel      
Jewel Damsel   Easy  
Lemon / Yellow Damsel   Easy  
Marginated Damsel      
Neon Damsel      
Orangetail Damsel   Easy  
Pink Smith Damsel   Easy  
Sergeant major damsel   Easy  
Springer's Damsel   Easy  
Stark's Damsel   Easy  
Talbots damsel      
Three Stripe Damsel   Easy  
Tuxedo Damsel      
Two Stripe Damsel      
Yellow Damsel      
Yellowtail Dascyllus      
Yellowtail Damsel   Easy  

Dottybacks

See Pseudochromis

Dragonets

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Mandarinfish Yes Difficult A brightly colored member of the dragonet family. Eats only copepods and will die in captivity without an adequate supply, which can only be had in very large, well established reef tanks
Red scooter blenny Yes Moderate Not a true blenny
Scooter blenny Yes Moderate Not a true blenny

Eels

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Golden Moray Eel   Difficult  
Snowflake Eel   Easy to Moderate  

Filefish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Fantail orange filefish No Easy  
Colored filefish Caution Easy  
Tassle filefish Caution Easy  
Clown filefish Caution Easy  

Foxface

See Rabbitfish

Gobies

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Black clown goby Mostly Moderate Similar to Yellow clown goby, but black
Citron clown goby Mostly Moderate Can grow to up tp 3 inches in length
Engineer goby Yes Easy to Moderate small burrowing goby
Green banded goby Yes Moderate small burrowing goby with green vertical stripes
Red headed goby Yes Moderate ?
Watchman goby Yes Moderate A perching goby that can form a symbiotic relationship with pistol shrimp
Yashia goby Yes ? ?
Yellow clown goby Yes Moderate small yellow fish that likes branching corals

Groupers

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Panther grouper or Spotted grouper No Difficult Will grow to 20 inches in length. Requires a fish only tank of about 300 gallons.
Blue dot grouper   Moderate  
Blue line grouper   Moderate  
Golden stripe soapfish   Moderate  
Leaflip grouper   Moderate  
Miniatus grouper   Moderate  
Red flag grouper   Moderate  
Red louti grouper   Moderate  
Spotted grouper   Moderate  

Hawkfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Arc Eye Hawkfish   Moderate  
Flame Hawkfish   Easy to Moderate  
Longnose Hawkfish   Moderate  
Spotted Hawkfish   Easy to Moderate  

Hogfish

Jawfish

Jawfish are burrowers and require a sandy substrate of sufficient depth.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Black cap jawfish Caution Moderate Requires a 30 gallon tank and 3 inch substrate. Tank should remain tightly lidded. May eat small shrimp.
Dusky jawfish Caution Moderate Requires a 30 gallon tank and 3 inch sand substrate. Tank should remain tightly lidded.
Yellowhead jawfish Caution Moderate Requires a 30 gallon tank and 5 to 7 inch soft substrate. Tank should remain tightly lidded.

Lionfish

Lionfish have poisonous spines and should be treated with caution.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Colored volitan lionfish   Easy to Moderate  
Fuzzy dwarf lion   Very Difficult  
Volitan lionfish Caution Easy to Moderate Semi-aggressive; carnivore; Can grow up to 38cm in length in captivity

Pipefish

(can be killed by stinging corals and anemones)

Pufferfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Dogface Puffer   Moderate  
Green Spotted Puffer   ?  
Porcupine Puffer corals:yes inverts:no Moderate  
Black-spotted Porcupinefish   Moderate  
Sharpnose Puffer   Difficult  
Valentine Puffer   Moderate  

Pseudochromis

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Australian multicolor pseudochromis   Moderate  
Blue flavivertex pseudochromis   Moderate  
Neon pseudochromis, Arabian dottyback or Neon dottyback   Moderate  
Bicolor pseudochromis   Easy to Moderate resembles Royal gramma in coloration
Purple stripe pseudochromis or Diadema basslet   Easy to Moderate  
Indigo dottyback   Moderate  
Fridmani pseudochromis or Orchid dottyback   Easy to Moderate  
Sailfin pseudochromis   Moderate  
Splendid pseudochromis   Moderate  
Springeri pseudochromis   Moderate  
Strawberry pseudochromis or Purple psuedochromis   Easy to Moderate  

Rabbitfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Foxface   Easy to Moderate  
Magnificent Foxface   Easy to Moderate  
Rabbitfish   Easy to Moderate  

Rays

All rays have a poisonous spine near the base of the tail. Care must be taken to avoid this animal when performing tank maintenance and during capture.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Fiddler stingray No Expert Requires a minimum 360 gallon aquarium with a 1 meter width and a fine grained substrate. Coarse substrates may damage the underside of this animal, causing infection.
Round stingray No Expert Requires a minimum 180 gallon aquarium and a fine grained substrate. Coarse substrates may damage the underside of this animal, causing infection.
Spotted Caribbean stingray No Expert Requires a minimum 180 gallon aquarium and a fine grained substrate. Coarse substrates may damage the underside of this animal, causing infection.
Thornback stingray No Expert Requires a minimum 360 gallon aquarium with a 1 meter width

Seahorse

Seahorses are delicate animals with specialized care requirements. They require branching corals or other decorations in which to roost, and they are slow eaters, starving in the presence of more voracious tankmates. Additionally, wild caught seahorses do not always adapt well to captivity, so captive bred specimens are preferred.

Seahorses can be killed by stinging corals and anemones.


 

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Black seahorse Caution Difficult  
Colored seahorse Caution Difficult  
Black seahorse Caution Difficult  

Squirrelfish

Tangs

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Achilles Tang   Difficult  
Atlantic Blue Tang   Moderate  
Blonde Naso Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Bristletooth Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Chocolate Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Desjardini Tang   Moderate  
Eibli Mimic Tang   Moderate  
Hippo Tang   Moderate  
Kole Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Mimic Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Naso Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Powder Blue Tang   Moderate  
Purple Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Sailfin Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Scopas Tang   Easy to Moderate  
Yellow Tang   Easy to Moderate  

Tilefish

Though often categorized as Gobies, Tilefish are a separate species.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Blue-Headed Tilefish   Easy to Moderate  
Purple Tilefish   Easy to Moderate  
Skunk Tilefish   Easy to Moderate  

Triggerfish

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Blue Jaw Trigger   Moderate  
Blue Line Trigger   Moderate  
Clown Trigger   Easy to Moderate  
Hawaiian Black Trigger   Moderate  
Niger Trigger   Easy to Moderate  
Picasso Trigger   Easy to Moderate  
Pinktail Sargassum Trigger   Moderate  

Wrasse

Some wrasse species are agressive towards small fish and invertebrates.

Common name Reef safe Care Level Description
Carpenter's Fairy Wrasse   Difficult  
Eight Line Wrasse   Easy to Moderate  
Exquisite Fairy Wrasse   Difficult  
Fine-Spotted Fairy Wrasse   Difficult  
Four Line Wrasse   Easy to Moderate  
Greenback Fairy Wrasse   Difficult  
Harlequin Tusk   Moderate  
Multicolor Velvet Wrasse   Moderate  
Potter's Wrasse   Difficult  
Red-Head Fairy Wrasse   Difficult  
Six Line Wrasse Yes Easy to Moderate small purple fish with six dark horizontal lines

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Fish Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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