Niche it!
BobbyGs Info
Sign up for PayPal and start accepting credit card payments instantly
Osphronemidae

Fish Guide

Osphronemidae

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

Back | Home | Up | Next


Gouramies
Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia)
 
Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Actinopterygii
 
Order: Perciformes
 
Suborder: Anabantoidei
 
Family: Osphronemidae
 
Subfamilies
Belontiinae
Macropodinae
Osphroneminae
Trichogastrinae

See text for genera and species.

The gouramis or gouramies are a family, Osphronemidae, of freshwater perciform fishes. The fish are native to Asia, from Pakistan and India to the Malay Archipelago and north-easterly towards Korea.

Many gouramies have an elongated ray at the front of their pelvic fins. Many species show parental care: some are mouthbrooders, and others, like the Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), build bubble nests. Currently, about 90 species are recognised, placed in 4 subfamilies and about 13 genera.

The name Polyacanthidae has also been used for this family. Some fish now classified as gouramies were previously placed in family Anabantidae. The subfamily Belontiinae was recently demoted from the family Belontiidae. As labyrinth fishes, gouramis have a lung-like labyrinth organ that allows them to gulp air and use atmospheric oxygen. This organ is a vital innovation for fishes that often inhabit warm, shallow, oxygen-poor water.

Contents

Species

There are about 96 species in 15 genera.

  • Subfamily Belontiinae (combtail gouramis)
    • Genus Belontia
      • Malay combtail, Belontia hasselti (Cuvier, 1831).
        Ceylonese combtail, Belontia signata (Günther, 1861).
  • Subfamily Macropodinae (paradise fish)
    • Genus Betta
      • Akar betta, Betta akarensis Regan, 1910.
        Betta albimarginata Kottelat & Ng, 1994.
        Giant betta, Betta anabatoides Bleeker, 1851.
        Betta antoni Tan & Ng, 2006.
        Betta balunga Herre, 1940.
        Slim betta, Betta bellica Sauvage, 1884.
        Betta breviobesus Tan & Kottelat, 1998.
        Betta brownorum Witte & Schmidt, 1992.
        Betta burdigala Kottelat & Ng, 1994.
        Betta channoides Kottelat & Ng, 1994.
        Betta chini Ng, 1993.
        Betta chloropharynx Kottelat & Ng, 1994.
        Betta coccina Vierke, 1979.
        Betta compuncta Tan & Ng, 2006.
        Betta dimidiata Roberts, 1989.
        Betta edithae Vierke, 1984.
        Betta enisae Kottelat, 1995.
        Betta falx Tan & Kottelat, 1998.
        Betta foerschi Vierke, 1979.
        Dusky betta, Betta fusca Regan, 1910.
        Betta hipposideros Ng & Kottelat, 1994.
        Betta ibanorum Tan & Ng, 2004.
        Betta ideii Tan & Ng, 2006.
        Crescent betta, Betta imbellis Ladiges, 1975.
        Betta krataios Tan & Ng, 2006.
        Betta livida Ng & Kottelat, 1992.
        Spotfin betta, Betta macrostoma Regan, 1910.
        Betta mandor Tan & Ng, 2006.
        Betta miniopinna Tan & Tan, 1994.
        Betta patoti Weber & de Beaufort, 1922.
        Betta persephone Schaller, 1986.
        Betta pi Tan, 1998.
        Spotted betta, Betta picta (Valenciennes, 1846).
        Betta pinguis Tan & Kottelat, 1998.
        Betta prima Kottelat, 1994.
        Forest betta, Betta pugnax (Cantor, 1849).
        Betta pulchra Tan & Tan, 1996.
        Betta renata Tan, 1998.
        Toba betta, Betta rubra Perugia, 1893.
        Betta rutilans Witte & Kottelat, 1991.
        Betta schalleri Kottelat & Ng, 1994.
        Betta simplex Kottelat, 1994.
        Blue betta, Betta smaragdina Ladiges, 1972.
        Betta spilotogena Ng & Kottelat, 1994.
        Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens Regan, 1910.
        Betta strohi Schaller & Kottelat, 1989.
        Borneo betta, Betta taeniata Regan, 1910.
        Betta tomi Ng & Kottelat, 1994.
        Betta tussyae Schaller, 1985.
        Betta uberis Tan & Ng, 2006.
        Howong betta, Betta unimaculata (Popta, 1905).
        Betta waseri Krummenacher, 1986.
    • Genus Macropodus
      • Macropodus erythropterus Freyhof & Herder, 2002.
        Macropodus hongkongensis Freyhof & Herder, 2002.
        Roundtail paradisefish, Macropodus ocellatus (de Beaufort, 1933).
        Paradise fish, Macropodus opercularis (Linnaeus, 1758).
        Macropodus spechti Schreitmüller, 1936.
    • Genus Malpulutta
      • Spotted gourami, Malpulutta kretseri Deraniyagala, 1937.
    • Genus Parosphromenus
      • Parosphromenus allani Brown, 1987.
        Parosphromenus anjunganensis Kottelat, 1991.
        Parosphromenus bintan Kottelat & Ng, 1998.
        Licorice gourami, Parosphromenus deissneri (Bleeker, 1859).
        Spiketail gourami, Parosphromenus filamentosus (Oshima, 1919).
        Parosphromenus linkei Kottelat, 1991.
        Parosphromenus nagyi Schaller, 1985.
        Parosphromenus ornaticauda Kottelat, 1991.
        Parosphromenus paludicola Tweedie, 1952.
        Parosphromenus parvulus Vierke, 1979.
    • Genus Pseudosphromenus
      • Spiketail paradisefish, Pseudosphromenus cupanus (Cuvier, 1831).
        Pseudosphromenus dayi (Engmann, 1909).
    • Genus Trichopsis
      • Pygmy gourami, Trichopsis pumila (Arnold, 1936).
        Threestripe gourami, Trichopsis schalleri (Kottelat & Ng, 1994).
        Croaking gourami, Trichopsis vittata (Cuvier, 1831).
  • Subfamily Trichogastrinae
    • Genus Colisa
      • Dwarf gourami, Colisa lalia (Hamilton, 1822).
    • Genus Ctenops
      • Frail gourami, Ctenops nobilis McClelland, 1845.
    • Genus Luciocephalus
      • Pikehead, Luciocephalus pulcher (Gray, 1830).
    • Genus Parasphaerichthys
      • Parasphaerichthys lineatus Britz & Kottelat, 2002.
        Eyespot gourami, Parasphaerichthys ocellatus (de Beaufort, 1933).
    • Genus Polyacanthus
      • Banded gourami, Polyacanthus fasciatus (Regan, 1910).
    • Genus Sphaerichthys
      • Sphaerichthys acrostoma Vierke, 1979.
        Chocolate gourami, Sphaerichthys osphromenoides Canestrini, 1860.
        Sphaerichthys selatanensis Vierke, 1979.
        Sphaerichthys vaillanti Pellegrin, 1930.
    • Genus Trichogaster
      • Honey gourami, Trichogaster chuna (Hamilton, 1822).
        Thick lipped gourami, Trichogaster labiosus Day, 1877.
        Pearl gourami, Trichogaster leerii (Bleeker, 1852).
        Moonlight gourami, Trichogaster microlepis (Günther, 1861).
        Snakeskin gourami, Trichogaster pectoralis (Regan, 1910).
        Three spot gourami (aka blue gourami, opaline gourami, and gold gourami), Trichogaster trichopterus (Pallas, 1770).
  • Subfamily Osphroneminae (giant gouramis)
    • Genus Osphronemus
      • Elephant ear gourami, Osphronemus exodon Roberts, 1994.
        Giant gourami, Osphronemus goramy Lacépède, 1801.
        Giant red tail gourami, Osphronemus laticlavius Roberts, 1992.
        Osphronemus septemfasciatus Roberts, 1992.

References

  • "Osphronemidae". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. October 2004 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2004.
  • Osphronemidae (TSN 172678). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed on 2 November 2004.
  • Goldstein, Howard (September 2005). "Searching for the Pygmy Gourami". Tropical Fish Hobbiest 54 (1): 93. 0041-3259.
  • Tan, HH and P Ng (2006). "Six new species of fighting fish (Telestei: Osphronemidae: Betta) from Borneo.". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 17 (2): 97-114.

Gallery


Home | Up | Aquaria | Barbs | Carp | Catfishes | Characidae | Cichlidae | Corydoras | Danios | Gobiidae | Goldfish | Osphronemidae | Poecilia | Siluriformes | Tetras | Acanthemblemaria spinosa | Altolamprologus | Bala shark | Brine shrimp | Bubble nest | Daphnia | Deep sand bed | Fish anatomy | Fish diseases | Gobiosoma multifasciatum | Ichthyology terms | List of freshwater aquarium fish species | List of freshwater aquarium invertebrate species | List of freshwater aquarium plant species | List of marine aquarium fish species | Live rock | Marine aquarium | Painted fish | Protein skimmer | Reef aquarium | Saddleback clownfish

Fish Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


Finish Line

Music Videos
Languages
Select Interface Language:

English French German Hungarian Italian Norwegian Spanish
Shopping Random Product
Shopping Search

Emporium Contents
Gallery Most Viewed
Gallery Most Viewed
Recommended Software Sites

Montego Scripts - Home of HTML Newsletter

Code-Authors.com

nukeSEO.com

Totally Nuked Mods

EZ Communities - Custom PHP/MySQL Scripts and Solutions

RavenNuke(tm) Test site

Codezwiz Your #1 Help Resource

CSE HTML Validator Helped Clean up This Page!

PC Sympathy - Your Source for PC News and Technical Support

Mantis Bugtracker

Nuke-Evolution

TrickedOutNews.com - Home of Tricked Out News Mod, FaceBox and SlimBox RavenNuke(tm) mods