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Gobiesociformes

Fish Guide

Gobiesociformes

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Clingfishes
Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis
 
Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Actinopterygii
 
Order: Gobiesociformes
 
Family: Gobiesocidae
 
Genera
Acyrtops
Acyrtus
Alabes
Apletodon
Arcos
Aspasma
Aspasmichthys
Aspasmodes
Aspasmogaster
Chorisochismus
Cochleoceps
Conidens
Creocele
Dellichthys
Derilissus
Diademichthys
Diplecogaster
Diplocrepis
Discotrema
Eckloniaichthys
Gastrocyathus
Gastrocymba
Gastroscyphus
Gobiesox
Gouania
Gymnoscyphus
Haplocylix
Kopua
Lecanogaster
Lepadichthys
Lepadogaster
Liobranchia
Lissonanchus
Modicus
Opeatogenys
Parvicrepis
Pherallodichthys
Pherallodiscus
Pherallodus
Posidonichthys
Propherallodus
Rimicola
Sicyases
Tomicodon
Trachelochismus

See text for species.

Clingfishes are fishes of the family Gobiesocidae. Most species are marine, being found in shallow waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. They are bottom-dwelling fishes; some species shelter in sea urchins or crinoids. In most species the pelvic fins are modified into a sucking disc.[1]

Classification

The classification of the clingfishes varies. FishBase places Gobiescoidae the only family in the order Gobiesociformes;[2] Some other classifications, for example ITIS, place them in the suborder Gobiesocoidei of the order Perciformes.[3]

Species

FishBase lists about 150 species in 45 genera:[1]

  • Genus Acyrtops
    • Flarenostril clingfish, Acyrtops amplicirrus Briggs, 1955.
      Emerald clingfish, Acyrtops beryllinus (Hildebrand & Ginsburg, 1926).
  • Genus Acyrtus
    • Papillate clingfish, Acyrtus artius Briggs, 1955.
      Acyrtus pauciradiatus Sampaio, de Anchieta, Nunes & Mendes, 2004.
      Red clingfish, Acyrtus rubiginosus (Poey, 1868).
  • Genus Alabes
    • Alabes brevis Springer & Fraser, 1976.
      Common shore-eel, Alabes dorsalis (Richardson, 1845).
      Dwarf shore-eel, Alabes hoesei Springer & Fraser, 1976.
      Pygmy shore-eel, Alabes parvulus (McCulloch, 1909).
  • Genus Apletodon
    • Apletodon dentatus bacescui (Murgoci, 1940).
      Small-headed clingfish, Apletodon dentatus dentatus (Facciolà, 1887).
      Apletodon incognitus Hofrichter & Patzner, 1997.
      Apletodon microcephalus (Brook, 1890).
      Chubby clingfish, Apletodon pellegrini (Chabanaud, 1925).
  • Genus Arcos
    • Elegant clingfish, Arcos decoris Briggs, 1969.
      Rockwall clingfish, Arcos erythrops (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882).
      Padded clingfish, Arcos macrophthalmus (Günther, 1861).
      Galapagos clingfish, Arcos poecilophthalmos (Jenyns, 1842).
      Rock clingfish, Arcos rhodospilus (Günther, 1864).
  • Genus Aspasma
    • Aspasma minima (Döderlein, 1887).
  • Genus Aspasmichthys
    • Aspasmichthys ciconiae (Jordan & Fowler, 1902).
  • Genus Aspasmodes
    • Aspasmodes briggsi Smith, 1957.
  • Genus Aspasmogaster
    • Eastern clingfish, Aspasmogaster costata (Ogilby, 1885).
      Smooth-snout clingfish, Aspasmogaster liorhyncha Briggs, 1955.
      Aspasmogaster occidentalis Hutchins, 1984.
      Tasmanian clingfish, Aspasmogaster tasmaniensis (Günther, 1861).
  • Genus Chorisochismus
    • Rocksucker, Chorisochismus dentex (Pallas, 1769).
  • Genus Cochleoceps
    • Cochleoceps bassensis Hutchins, 1983.
      Western cleaner-clingfish, Cochleoceps bicolor Hutchins, 1991.
      Eastern cleaner-clingfish, Cochleoceps orientalis Hutchins, 1991.
      Cochleoceps spatula (Günther, 1861).
      Green clingfish, Cochleoceps viridis Hutchins, 1991.
  • Genus Conidens
    • Conidens laticephalus (Tanaka, 1909).
      Conidens samoensis (Steindachner, 1906).
  • Genus Creocele
    • Broad clingfish, Creocele cardinalis (Ramsay, 1883).
  • Genus Dellichthys
    • New Zealand urchin clingfish, Dellichthys morelandi Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Derilissus
    • Derilissus altifrons Smith-Vaniz, 1971.
      Whiskereye clingfish, Derilissus kremnobates Fraser, 1970.
      Derilissus nanus Briggs, 1969.
      Derilissus vittiger Fraser, 1970.
  • Genus Diademichthys
    • Urchin clingfish, Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage, 1883).
  • Genus Diplecogaster
    • Two-spotted clingfish, Diplecogaster bimaculata bimaculata (Bonnaterre, 1788).
      Diplecogaster bimaculata euxinica Murgoci, 1964.
      Diplecogaster bimaculata pectoralis Briggs, 1955.
      Diplecogaster ctenocrypta Briggs, 1955.
      Bigeye clingfish, Diplecogaster megalops Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Diplocrepis
    • Orange clingfish, Diplocrepis puniceus (Richardson, 1846).
  • Genus Discotrema
    • Crinoid clingfish, Discotrema crinophila Briggs, 1976.
  • Genus Eckloniaichthys
    • Weedsucker, Eckloniaichthys scylliorhiniceps Smith, 1943.
  • Genus Gastrocyathus
    • New Zealand slender clingfish, Gastrocyathus gracilis Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Gastrocymba
    • Gastrocymba quadriradiata (Rendahl, 1926).
  • Genus Gastroscyphus
    • Hector's clingfish, Gastroscyphus hectoris (Günther, 1876).
  • Genus Gobiesox
    • Panamic clingfish, Gobiesox adustus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882.
      Clarion clingfish, Gobiesox aethus (Briggs, 1951).
      Lappetlip clingfish, Gobiesox barbatulus Starks, 1913.
      Socorro clingfish, Gobiesox canidens (Briggs, 1951).
      Gobiesox crassicorpus (Briggs, 1951).
      Gobiesox daedaleus Briggs, 1951.
      Lined clingfish, Gobiesox eugrammus Briggs, 1955.
      Mountain clingfish, Gobiesox fluviatilis Briggs & Miller, 1960.
      Gobiesox fulvus Meek, 1907.
      Peninsular clingfish, Gobiesox juniperoserrai Espinosa Pérez & Castro-Aguirre, 1996.
      Gobiesox juradoensis Fowler, 1944.
      Bahama skilletfish, Gobiesox lucayanus Briggs, 1963.
      Northern clingfish, Gobiesox maeandricus (Girard, 1858).
      Lonely clingfish, Gobiesox marijeanae Briggs, 1960.
      Gobiesox marmoratus Jenyns, 1842.
      Mexican clingfish, Gobiesox mexicanus Briggs & Miller, 1960.
      Gobiesox milleri Briggs, 1955.
      Gobiesox multitentaculus (Briggs, 1951).
      Gobiesox nigripinnis (Peters, 1860).
      Gobiesox nudus (Linnaeus, 1758).
      Bearded clingfish, Gobiesox papillifer Gilbert, 1890.
      Gobiesox pinniger Gilbert, 1890.
      Gobiesox potamius Briggs, 1955.
      Stippled clingfish, Gobiesox punctulatus (Poey, 1876).
      California clingfish, Gobiesox rhessodon Smith, 1881.
      Smoothlip clingfish, Gobiesox schultzi Briggs, 1951.
      Gobiesox stenocephalus Briggs, 1955.
      Skilletfish, Gobiesox strumosus Cope, 1870.
      Woods' clingfish, Gobiesox woodsi (Schultz, 1944).
  • Genus Gouania
    • Blunt-snouted clingfish, Gouania willdenowi (Risso, 1810).
  • Genus Gymnoscyphus
    • Gymnoscyphus ascitus Böhlke & Robins, 1970.
  • Genus Haplocylix
    • Giant clingfish, Haplocylix littoreus (Forster, 1801).
  • Genus Kopua
    • Kopua kuiteri Hutchins, 1991.
      Kopua nuimata Hardy, 1984.
  • Genus Lecanogaster
    • Lecanogaster chrysea Briggs, 1957.
  • Genus Lepadichthys
    • Bolin's clingfish, Lepadichthys bolini Briggs, 1962.
      Pale clingfish, Lepadichthys caritus Briggs, 1969.
      Eyestripe clingfish, Lepadichthys coccinotaenia Regan, 1921.
      Lepadichthys ctenion Briggs & Link, 1963.
      Lepadichthys erythraeus Briggs & Link, 1963.
      Lepadichthys frenatus Waite, 1904.
      Doubleline clingfish, Lepadichthys lineatus (Sauvage, 1883).
      Minor clingfish, Lepadichthys minor Briggs, 1955.
      Lepadichthys sandaracatus Whitley, 1943.
      Lepadichthys springeri Briggs, 2001.
  • Genus Lepadogaster
    • Connemarra clingfish, Lepadogaster candolii Risso, 1810.
      Shore clingfish, Lepadogaster lepadogaster (Bonnaterre, 1788).
      Cornish sucker, Lepadogaster purpurea (Bonnaterre, 1788).
      Lepadogaster zebrina Lowe, 1839.
  • Genus Liobranchia
    • Minute clingfish, Liobranchia stria Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Lissonanchus
    • Streaky clingfish, Lissonanchus lusheri Smith, 1966.
  • Genus Modicus
    • Modicus minimus (Döderlein, 1887).
      Modicus tangaroa Hardy, 1983.
  • Genus Opeatogenys
    • Opeatogenys cadenati Briggs, 1957.
      Opeatogenys gracilis (Briggs, 1955).
  • Genus Parvicrepis
    • Little clingfish, Parvicrepis parvipinnis (Waite, 1906).
  • Genus Pherallodichthys
    • Pherallodichthys meshimaensis Shiogaki & Dotsu, 1983.
  • Genus Pherallodiscus
    • Northern fraildisc clingfish, Pherallodiscus funebris (Gilbert, 1890).
      Southern fraildisc clingfish, Pherallodiscus varius Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Pherallodus
    • Pherallodus indicus (Weber, 1913).
      Mini-clingfish, Pherallodus smithi Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Posidonichthys
    • Posidonichthys hutchinsi Briggs, 1993.
  • Genus Propherallodus
    • Propherallodus briggsi (Smith, 1957).
  • Genus Rimicola
    • Channel Islands clingfish, Rimicola cabrilloi Briggs, 2002.
      Southern clingfish, Rimicola dimorpha Briggs, 1955.
      Slender clingfish, Rimicola eigenmanni (Gilbert, 1890).
      Kelp clingfish, Rimicola muscarum (Meek & Pierson, 1895).
      Guadalupe clingfish, Rimicola sila Briggs, 1955.
  • Genus Sicyases
    • Sicyases brevirostris (Guichenot, 1848).
      Sicyases hildebrandi Schultz, 1944.
      Sicyases sanguineus Müller & Troschel, 1843.
  • Genus Tomicodon
    • Distant clingfish, Tomicodon absitus Briggs, 1955.
      Tomicodon abuelorum Szelistowski, 1990.
      Tomicodon australis Briggs, 1955.
      Bifid clingfish, Tomicodon bidens Briggs, 1969.
      Cortez clingfish, Tomicodon boehlkei Briggs, 1955.
      Tomicodon briggsi (Smith, 1957).
      Smallsucker clingfish, Tomicodon chilensis Brisout de Barneville, 1846.
      Tomicodon clarkei Williams & Tyler, 2003.
      Tomicodon cryptus Williams & Tyler, 2003.
      Rosy clingfish, Tomicodon eos (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882).
      Barred clingfish, Tomicodon fasciatus (Castelnau, 1861).
      Sonora clingfish, Tomicodon humeralis (Gilbert, 1890).
      Tomicodon lavettsmithi Williams & Tyler, 2003.
      Tomicodon leurodiscus Williams & Tyler, 2003.
      Blackstripe clingfish, Tomicodon myersi Briggs, 1955.
      Peter's clingfish, Tomicodon petersii (Garman, 1875).
      Tomicodon prodomus Briggs, 1969.
      Tomicodon reitzae Briggs, 2001.
      Tomicodon rhabdotus Smith-Vaniz, 1969.
      Tomicodon rupestris (Poey, 1860).
      Tomicodon vermiculatus Briggs, 1955.
      Zebra clingfish, Tomicodon zebra (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882).
  • Genus Trachelochismus
    • Striped clingfish, Trachelochismus melobesia Phillipps, 1927.
      New Zealand lumpfish, Trachelochismus pinnulatus (Forster, 1801).

References

  1. ^ a b "Gobiesocidae". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. May 2006 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2006.
  2. ^ "Gobiesociformes". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. May 2006 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2006.
  3. ^ Gobiesociformes (TSN 164456). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Accessed on 21 June 2006.

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Fish Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


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