Niche it!
BobbyGs Info

GameStop, Inc.

Characidae

Fish Guide

Characidae

Tetras

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

Back | Home | Up | Next


Characidae
Bleeding-heart tetra Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma
 
Bleeding-heart tetra Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Chordata
 
Class: Actinopterygii
 
Order: Characiformes
 
Family: Characidae
 
Genera
Subfamily Aphyocharacinae
 Aphyocharax
Subfamily Bryconinae
 Chalceus
Subfamily Characidiinae
 8 genera
Subfamily Characinae
 Acanthocharax
 Acestrocephalus
 Charax
 Cynopotamus
 Galeocharax
 Gnathocharax
 Heterocharax
 Hoplocharax
 Priocharax
 Roeboides
 Thayeria
 ...

Subfamily Crenuchinae
 Crenuchus
 Poecilocharax

Subfamily Glandulocaudinae
 16 genera
Subfamily Iguanodectinae
 Iguanodectes
 Piabucus

Subfamily Rhodasiinae
 Carlana
 Rhoadsia
 Parastremma

Subfamily Serrasalminae
 Catoprion
 Colossoma
 Metynnis
 Myleus
 Mylossoma
 Pygocentrus
 Serrasalmus

 and 6 other genera
Subfamily Tetragonopterinae
 Astyanax - Astynaxes
 Byconamericus
 Bryconops
 Cheirodon
 Gymnocorymbus
 Hemibrycon
 Hemigrammus
 Hyphessobrycon
 Inpaichthys
 Megalamphodus
 Moenkhausia
 Oligosarcus
 Paracheirodon
 Rachoviscus
 Tetragonopterus
 Tyttobrycon

 ...
Subfamily - Incertae Sedis
(i.e., taxonomic placement at this level uncertain)
 Boehlkea
 Exodon
 Hasemania
 Nematobrycon
 Oligosarcus
 Petitella
 Roeboexodon

The Characidae or Characins are a family of freshwater subtropical and tropical fish, belonging to the order Characiformes. They originate in the Americas from southwestern Texas and Mexico through Central and South America. They vary in length with the smallest growing to a maximum length of 0.5 in (13 mm).

To some extent the family has served as a junk-basket category in the past. More recent revision has moved many former members of the family into their own related but distinct families - the Pencilfishes of the genus Nannostomus are a typical example, having now been moved into the Lebiasinidae, the assorted predatory characins belonging to Hoplias and Hoplerythrinus have now been moved into the Erythrinidae, and the Sabre-Toothed Fishes of the genus Hydrolycus have been moved into the Cynodontidae. There is still much revision needed, but progress in this area is being maintained at a steady pace.

Among those fishes that remain in the Characidae for the time being are the tetras, comprising the very similar genera Hemigrammus and Hyphessobrycon, as well as a few related forms. These include the cave and neon tetras.

The larger piranhas were originally classified as belonging to the Characidae, but various revisions place them in their own related family, the Serrasalmidae. This reassignment has yet to enjoy universal acceptance, but is gaining in popularity among taxonomists working with these fishes. Given the current state of flux of the Characidae, a number of other changes will doubtless take place, reassigning once-familiar species to other families. Indeed, the entire phylogeny of the Ostariophysans (fishes possessing a Weberian apparatus) has yet to be conclusively settled, and until that phylogeny is settled, the opportunity for yet more upheavals within the taxonomy of the Characoid fishes is considerable.

Related Families

The fishes whose families and genera are listed below are a diverse selection of fishes that were formerly classified as members of the Characidae, but which were moved into separate families of their own during recent taxonomic revisions (post-1994).

Family Acestrorhynchidae - South American Pike Characins

  • Acestrorhynchus - Pike Characins or Freshwater Barracudas

Family Alestiidae - African tetras

  • Alestes (or Brycinus)
    Hydrocynus - African Tigerfishes
    Micralestes
    Phenacogrammus
    Rhabdalestes
  • and 13 other genera

Family Anostomidae - Headstanders

  • Anostomus
    Abramites
    Leporinus
    Rhytiodus
    Sartor
    Schizodon

Family Chilodontidae - Headstanders

  • Chaenotropus
    Chilodus

Family Citharinidae

  • Belonophago - African Pike Characins
    Citharidium
    Citharinops
    Citharinus
    Congocharax
    Distichodus
    Dundocharax
    Eugnaichthys
    Hemigrammocharax
    Hemistochodus
    Ichthyborus
    Mesoborus
    Microstomatichthyoborus
    Nannaethiops
    Nannocharax
    Neolebias
    Paradistichodus
    Paraphago - African Pike Characins
    Phago - African Pike Characins
    Xenocharax

Family Ctenoluciidae - Pike Characoids & Gar Characins

  • Boulengerella
    Ctenolucius - Gar Characins

Family Curimatidae

  • Curimata
    Curimatella
    Curimatopsis
    Cyphocharax
    Potamorhina
    Psectrogaster
    Pseudocurimata
    Steindachnerina

Family Cynodontidae - Dogtooth Characins

  • Cynodon
    Gilbertolus
    Hydrolycus - Sabre Tooth Fishes
    Rhaphiodon
    Roestes

Family Erythrinidae - Pirate Fishes, Trahiras

  • Erythrinus
    Hoplias - Trahiras or Destroyers
    Hoplerythrinus

Family Gasteropelecidae - Hatchet Fishes

  • Carnegiella - Dwarf Hatchet Fishes
    Gasteropelecus - Hatchet Fishes
    Thoracocharax

Family Hemiodontidae

  • Anodus
    Argonectes
    Bivibranchia
    Hemiodus
    Micromischodus

Family Hepsetidae - Kafue Pike (monotypic)

  • Hepsetus - sole species H. odoe, Kafue Pike

Family Lebiasinidae - Pencil Fishes and allies

  • Copeina
    Copella - Splashing Tetras
    Derhamia
    Lebiasina
    Piabucina
    Pyrrhulina
    Nannostomus - Pencil Fishes

Family Parodontidae

  • Apareiodon
    Parodon
    Saccodon

Family Prochilodontidae

  • Ichthyoelephas
    Prochilodus
    Semaprochilodus

References

  • "Characidae." ITIS Standard Report. (Integrated Taxonomic Information System: National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., 2004-10-13). URL: ITIS 162848
  • "Family Characidae - Characins." FishBase. ed. Froese, R. and D. Pauly (08/2004), URL: Characidae
  • Géry, Jacques, Characoids of the World, ISBN 0-87666-458-3

Home | Up | Aquaria | Barbs | Carp | Catfishes | Characidae | Cichlidae | Corydoras | Danios | Gobiidae | Goldfish | Osphronemidae | Poecilia | Siluriformes | Tetras | Acanthemblemaria spinosa | Altolamprologus | Bala shark | Brine shrimp | Bubble nest | Daphnia | Deep sand bed | Fish anatomy | Fish diseases | Gobiosoma multifasciatum | Ichthyology terms | List of freshwater aquarium fish species | List of freshwater aquarium invertebrate species | List of freshwater aquarium plant species | List of marine aquarium fish species | Live rock | Marine aquarium | Painted fish | Protein skimmer | Reef aquarium | Saddleback clownfish

Fish Guide, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


Barnes & Noble

Music Videos
Languages
Select Interface Language:

English French German Hungarian Italian Norwegian Spanish
Shopping Random Product
Shopping Search

Emporium Contents
Gallery Most Viewed
Gallery Most Viewed
Recommended Software Sites

Montego Scripts - Home of HTML Newsletter

Code-Authors.com

nukeSEO.com

Totally Nuked Mods

EZ Communities - Custom PHP/MySQL Scripts and Solutions

RavenNuke(tm) Test site

Codezwiz Your #1 Help Resource

CSE HTML Validator Helped Clean up This Page!

PC Sympathy - Your Source for PC News and Technical Support

Mantis Bugtracker

Nuke-Evolution

TrickedOutNews.com - Home of Tricked Out News Mod, FaceBox and SlimBox RavenNuke(tm) mods