Niche it!
BobbyGs Info

Barnes & Noble

Adenine

Drugs & Medication

Adenine

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, by MultiMedia

Back | Home | Up | Next


Adenine
Chemical name 9H-Purin-6-amine
Alternate name 6-aminopurine
Chemical formula C5H5N5
Molecular mass 135.1267 g/mol
Melting point 360 - 365 C
CAS number 73-24-5
SMILES NC1=NC=NC2=C1N=CN2
Chemical structure of adenine

Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. In DNA, adenine binds to thymine via two hydrogen bonds to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. In RNA, adenine binds to uracil, which is used in the cytoplasm for protein synthesis.

It forms several tautomers, compounds that can be rapidly interconverted and are often considered equivalent. Guanine, a related compounds (also a purine derivative), forms tautomers in the same way, and has more detailed information too.

Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside, when attached to ribose, and deoxyadenosine when attached to deoxyribose; it forms adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a nucleotide, when three phosphate groups are added to adenosine. Adenosine triphosphate is used in cellular metabolism as one of the basic methods of transferring chemical energy between chemical reactions.

In older literature, adenine was sometimes called Vitamin B4. However it is no longer considered a true vitamin nor part of Vitamin B.

Some think that, at the origin of life on Earth, the first adenine was formed by the polymerizing of five hydrogen cyanide (HCN) molecules. However, this has been criticized by some chemists [1].

External links


Home | Up | B vitamins | Adenine | Retinol | Vitamin C

Drugs & Medication, made by MultiMedia | Free content and software

This guide is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia.


GameStop, Inc.